North Berwick's Golfing Pioneers. |
In 1891, in the same class at North Berwick Public School were Willie Anderson,
James Souter, George Livingstone, James Hutchison and George Turnbull. All emigrated and left their mark on American golf. In the junior
form was Jack Hobens who helped to draft the constitution of the Professional Golfers Association of America and in the year below, class
mates Fred McLeod and Daniel Kenny, were to become national champions.
Listed among the first forty golf professionals in the United States prior to 1898 are George Douglas, Tom Warrender, Harry Gullane, and
Willie Anderson and today they are recognised as the true pioneers of American golf. The list of the earliest Australian Golf Professionals
includes twins Alex and Jack McLaren, William Russell and brothers Alec and Duncan Denholm.
At the start of the twentieth century, the status of the golf professional was no better than an experienced caddie. Those early pioneers
who emigrated to the USA, South Africa and Australia were often restricted to a one year contract and seldom felt secure in their employment.
The calibre of the men from North Berwick was such that within a few years their reputation for being honest, and hardworking had increased
their standing dramatically. The clubs became proud of their 'Scottish Pro' and longer contracts were offered while many were encouraged to
have their wife and children join them. This is an alphabetical list of the amateur's and professional's from North Berwick who made their
mark on the game of golf.
ALEXANDER AITKEN (1864-1944) Club-Maker,
Gullane, East Lothian.
Alexander Veitch Aitken, born 15th December 1864, at 8, Chalmers
Building, Fountainbridge, Edinburgh, son of Thomas Aitken, upholsterer and his wife Elizabeth Veitch. In 1881, the family were living at 16,
Wright's Houses opposite Bruntsfield Links where Alex and his brother Thomas learned to play golf. Douglas McEwan the famous club and ball
maker worked from 36, Wright's Houses where the Aitken brothers were taught the art of club-making.
Their father Thomas Aitken Snr had his cabinetmaker and upholsterer's business at 22 Wright's Houses. He was a founder member of Bruntsfield
Allied Golf Club in 1856 and a member of the committee representing the interests of the Bruntsfield golfers when Edinburgh Town Council
sought to control play on Bruntsfield Links in 1886. This led to the opening of the Braid Hills Golf Course in 1889. The Aitken family moved
to 39, South Bruntsfield Place in 1886, then to 192 Morningside Road, with the upholstery business at 184, Morningside Road.
In 1892 Alex Aitken started his own clubmaking business at 174, Morningside Road. That year he was appointed clubmaker to Royal Portrush Golf
Club, and in 1893 he opened a retail outlet at 3 Brighton Terrace, Gullane. Aitken continued to rent the property at 174, Morningside Road until
1896 when he was appointed the first clubmaker to the Royal Burgess Golfing Society and allowed to construct a shop beside the clubhouse at Barnton.
He remained there for 15 months before moving to Gullane permanently and was living in Temple Croft, Templar Place until 1917.
Willie Anderson apprenticed as a clubmaker with Alex Aitken at 174, Morningside Road. Willie's father Tom Anderson was head greenkeeper on
the West Links at North Berwick and the Anderson family lived at 10, Gillespie Crescent, Edinburgh. Willie Anderson emigrated to America in
1896 and won the US Open four times.
Wrights Houses, Bruntsfield Links, Edinburgh
Alex Aitken produced a set of clubs in his workshop at Gullane for A. J. Balfour, the Prime Minister and in 1897 he was exporting clubs to P.
F. Murphy & Co in Boston, USA. There are some fine examples of Alex Aitken's clubmaking still in existence. Following WW1 Alex moved to 2
Lammerview Terrace, Gullane and he died 27th March 1944 aged 79 years.
Alex's brother Thomas Aitken was appointed professional at Great Yarmouth G.C (1892-1911). He was a PGA member in 1902 and 1911, and spent a
year at Stanwell (Shortwood Common), Stains. Tom moved to Gorleston (1912-17), then Northampton (1920-22), and Milford Haven (1922-30), before
settling at Gloucester (1930-32). Tom played an exhibition match with Percy Alliss at the opening of the Milford Haven course in 1933.
L. STUART ANDERSON (1870-1913) Irish Open Champion
Lennox Stuart Anderson, born 3rd September 1870 at 3 Tantallon Terrace, North Berwick,
son of Fortescue L. M. Anderson rector of St Baldred's Episcopalian Church and his wife Charlotte Fisher. L. Stuart Anderson was a member of
Tantallon Golf Club and North Berwick New Club. Playing off scratch he won both Club Gold Medal's in 1893 bringing to an end Johnnie Laidlay's
run of seven straight victories at the New Club Autumn Meeting. Two years earlier Anderson played in the Open Championship at St Andrews and
again in 1893 he entered the Open at Prestwick from North Berwick when he finished tied for nineteenth place.
During his amateur career he was a member of Falmouth Golf Club and won the Cornish Championship four successive years. He was twice runner-up in
the Irish Open Championship being defeated in the final by John Ball Jnr. in 1893 and by Harold Hilton in 1897. Anderson had the distinction
of registering a hole-in-one nine times, including the first and fourteenth (old) at North Berwick, tenth and fifteenth at Aberdeen, and the
fourth, fifth and eventh at Braids Hills. St. Enodoc and Tavistock respectively. He also scored the longest hole-in-one at the 328 yard hole
at Brae Burn USA.
For many years Stuart Anderson was secretary of Royal Portrush Golf Club where he died in 1913. His sisters Blanch and Helen (Maud) Anderson learned
to play golf on the nine-hole Ladies course at North Berwick before they joined the Ladies Golf Club. Helen married Canadian born George Gordon
Robertson in 1891, a Chartered Accountant with D. H Huie at 5a York Place, Edinburgh. They lived at 4 Shandon Terrace, Edinburgh and George was a
member of the Rhodes Golf Club at North Berwick, winning their Club Medal in 1895.
In 1896, Helen and George moved to London and Helen became a member of the Prince's Ladies' Club on Mitcham Common where she was joined by her sister
Blanch. The professional at Mitcham was Jack White who was followed in 1897 by Philip Wynne both from North Berwick. In 1898 Helen won the scratch
prize at the Autumn Meeting which Blanch won the following year with a course record 76.
Helen, George and their two children lived in a house named St Baldred's on Mitcham Common. In 1905, Helen became the first Lady Golf Professional
in Great Britain and gave lessons to the members of Prince's Ladies Club, West Middlesex Ladies Club, and at a number of finishing schools in London.
Their father was rector of St Baldred's Church for over thirty years and the family lived at the Parsonage, 16 York Road, North Berwick. He was
an original member of North Berwick New Club and one of four trustees in 1880 whose names were taken from the Feu-right of the ground on which the
North Berwick clubhouse was erected.
WILLIE ANDERSON Factfile
IAN ARUNDEL (1911-1988) Masterton
G C, New Zealand
John 'Ian' Arundel, born October 1911 in Marchmont
House, Kirk Ports, North Berwick, son of Arthur Arundel, a baker, and his wife Agnes Elliot. Ian Arundel lived with his family at 3, Victoria
Road and served an apprenticeship as a clubmaker with Ben Sayers & Son at the same time as Charlie Thomson who would later be appointed foreman.
Ian and Charlie where members of Bass Rock Golf Club in 1928. On leaving Sayers, Ian worked for Jack White the former Open Champion in his
workshop in Gullane before being appointed to Erskine Golf Club in Paisley.
During this period in his life, golf was secondary to football and after showing great promise as an amateur, Ian was signed up by Hibernian FC.
Later he was persuaded to give up football for a safer sport when he married Charlie Thomson's sister Ellen in 1938. They moved to Northwood
near London where Ian was assistant to Arthur Havers at Sandy Lodge G.C.and they lived at 84 Hallowell Road, Middlesex
At the start of WW2 Arundel enlisted in the 6th Battalion, Black Watch Regiment, rising to the rank of Sergeant Major, he served under Sir Bernard
Fergusson who later became Governor- General of New Zealand. Ian took part in the Italian Campaign at Monte Cassino where he was mentioned in
dispatches and wounded during the incident. At the end of the war he was posted to Greece during the period of Civil War in 1945-46.
Following the armistice Ian returned to being a golf pro at Northwood but like many was disillusioned with life in Britain and wanted to make a
new start. He emigrated to New Zealand in 1953 and was appointed golf pro at Russley Golf Club, Christchurch. One of his pupils, Ross Murray
represented New Zealand on several occasions. Ian was also football coach to the Christchurch senior football team 'Rangers'.
Ian, always smartly dressed in plus-fours, won the New Zealand Professional Plate at the Professional Championship in 1953 and played in exhibition
matches with Norman Von Nida and Bobby Locke. After five years he moved with his wife Ellen and daughter Joan to Invercargill for a short
period before being appointed to Masterton G.C on North Island. During his eleven years at the club, junior golf in Wairarapa flourished to the
point when Ian have 130 pupils under his care. Robbie Douglas a clubmaker with Ben Sayers Ltd was offered the position of assistant to Ian Arundel
at Masterton but due to family commitments he declined.
Arundel's small workshop at Masterton in Lansdowne attracted clubs for repair from all over New Zealand as his reputation followed him. Local golfers
spoke glowingly of Ian Arundel clubs, made specially for them and still going strong after many years of use.
He moved to Auckland to a position with Remuera G.C. and in the mid-seventies he returned to Masterton with a view to retire, but he continued
to work in golf, firstly with Carterton G.C and latterly back at Masterton. On the day he actually died 10th November 1988 he was coaching golf
on the course at the age of 77 years. Noel Preston, a golf historian, writing in the Wairarapa Times-Age " His skills as a clubmaker and club repairer
were widely recognised but it was as a golf coach that he was pre-eminent. In fact many would regard him, at his height as the best in New
Zealand". Ian Arundel's ashes were returned to Scotland and scattered on the 14th fairway of his beloved West Links at North Berwick.
His father Arthur Arundel was captain of the Rhodes Golf Club in 1919 and winner of the Maxwell Shield in 1909. Ian's adopted brother Rab Arundel
was a member of Tantallon Golf Club and winner of the prestigious Esmond Trophy in 1960 and 1974. The Arundel family continue to resided in North
JOHN S. M. ARUNDEL (1894-1972) Euclid
Country Club, Michigan, USA
John Stevenson Moodie Arundel and his twin brother
James were born on 4th March 1894 in North Berwick, sons of Thomas Arundel, a master plasterer and his wife Margaret Moodie. The family lived at
Braeside (now Springhill), 2, Clifford Road, North Berwick where his father had a builders business. Thomas Arundel constructed the Bass Rock
lighthouse in 1902, and the company motif can be seen today embedded in the pavements in the Quadrant.
On leaving school, John apprenticed as a clubmaker before emigrating to the USA. He sailed from Southampton on the S.S. Philadelphia and
arrived in New York on 25th October 1920. His contact in America was Mrs. Donaldson, 110 E. 83rd St. New York. Jock Arundel was appointed
golf instructor at Meadowbrook Country Club, Northville, a district west of Detroit in Michigan (1924-28). In 1929 he moved to Euclid Golf
and Country Club, Kawkawlin, MI. John Arundel died, 25th June 1972 at Coldwater, Branch County, Michigan.
ROBERT AULD (1871-1939) Dunbar Golf Club, UK
Robert Auld, born 23rd March 1871, 7 High Street, Fisherow, Musselburgh, son of
William Auld, lamplighter and his wife Mary Logan. Robert Auld was appointed Professional and Clubmaster at Dunbar G.C in May 1902 and
remained there until he retired in 1938. Auld apprenticed as a clubmaker with James Hutchison at North Berwick and was a scratch medallist
of Bass Rock Golf Club. At the time the resident club-makers at Dunbar were J & A.Dickson of Comiston Road, Edinburgh and the club cancelled
their contract. The committee asked Ben Sayers, Laurie Auchterlonie, James H.Hutchison and Willie Park to suggest a replacement and Hutchison
recommended Robert Auld. He worked from 142 High Street, Dunbar and some fine examples of his clubmaking still exist, stamped with Rt Auld.
He married Annie Barr and their son William Auld was later assistant at Dunbar before being employed as a clubmaker with Ben Sayers Ltd.
ALEX BELL Oahu Country Club, Hawaii,
Alexander Peebles Bell, born 25th August 1877 in Anstruther, Fife, son
of Thomas Bell, a cooper and his wife Margaret Peebles. Alex ' Sandy' Bell moved with his parents and three sisters to Edinburgh in 1890
and was living at 258, Leith Walk. He apprenticed as a club maker in North Berwick at the same time as Robert Johnstone and Alex McLaren.
In 1900, Jimmy Purves, a clubmaker from North Berwick, stayed with Alex and his family in Leith Walk. Jimmy and his brothers Willie, Robert
and Peter (listed below) were members of the Glen Golf Club living at 10 High Street. Their father Robert Purves was a joiner and also a
clubmaker before being appointed Starter on the West Links at North Berwick.
In 1901 Sandy Bell emigrated to America and boarded a train for the four-day journey to California where he joined Bob Johnstone as his
assistant in San Francisco. The nine-hole course laid out on the Presido Reservation was the earliest golf course on the West Coast of
America and played by the members of San Francisco Golf Club and Presido Golf Club. The ground was also shared by the military and in 1905
the San Francisco Golf Club moved to the south of the city. Following the earthquake in 1906 a refugee camp was established on the course.
In 1909, Sandy's wife Jennie Shaw gave birth to twins Arthur and Bernice Bell and that year the family moved to Hawaii. Sandy joined
Alex McLaren (below) from North Berwick at the Oahu Country Club in Honolulu and they lived in Puunui Avenue adjacent to the nine-hole
When McLaren left in 1909 Sandy Bell was appointed head pro at Oahu Country Club and in 1913 he extended the course to 18 holes. Bell was
an outstanding golf instructor and coached Codie Austin winner of the Women's Champion of The Hawaiian Island two consecutive years from 1935.
Sandy designed and laid out the nine-hole course at Maui Country Club, Hawaii with the assistance of Willie McEwan in 1927. McEwan trained
with Willie Fernie at Troon and was New Zealand Open Champion in 1919. He moved to California and was pro at Presido (1924-26) and San
In October 1930, Sandy hosted a meeting at Oahu Country Club to establish the Hawaiian Professional Golfers Association which was attended
by 12 other charter members. Sandy and his family remained at Oahu Country Club in Hawaii until he retired in 1944. Sandy was inducted into
the Hawaiian Golf Hall of Fame in 1989.
ROBERT BERTRAM (1829-1871) Grand National
Robert Bertram, born 31st March 1829 in North Berwick son of
Peter Bertram, baker and his wife Elizabeth Edington. Robert worked as a baker in the family business situated in the north portion of the
property now occupied by the Chemist at 66 High Street. Bertram and was one of the first to emerge from the town with a talent for golf. In
1855, at the age of 23 years he joined Tantallon Golf Club, and was the only member playing off scratch. He won the Club Medal in 1855, 1856,
1857 and 1861. He was also a member of Dirleton Castle Golf Club whose members played over Gullane Hill. Bertram represented Dirleton Castle
in the first golf championship to be played - The Grand National Foursomes Tournament at St Andrews in 1857. It was organised by Colonel
James Ogilvie Fairlie and Lord Eglington of the Prestwick Club. Bertram was the first winner of the Wotherspoon Medal at Dirleton Castle Golf
Club in 1858 and again in 1860 and he won the Patron's Medal in 1858. Robert Bertram died in 1871 at the age of 39 years and is buried in St
Andrew Kirk graveyard in Kirk Ports, North Berwick.
ROBERT BOLTON Highland Golf and Country
Club, Missouri, USA
Robert Bolton born 16th April 1880, son of Alexander
Bolton, blacksmith and his wife Margaret Neill. His father worked in the blacksmith's forge at the corner of Forth Street and Market Place
and the family lived in Ellengowan, 29 St Andrew Street. Robert and his brother David were licensed as caddies on the West Links in 1892.
Robert served an apprenticeship as a club maker and was a member of Bass Rock Golf Club in North Berwick.
Robert 'Bob' Bolton emigrated to America in 1899 and was appointed greenkeeper and pro at Riverside Golf Club, Illinois. During the winter
months he moved to Texas where he was greenkeeper and pro at the newly laid out course at Galveston Country Club before he returned north
in the spring. In 1900 Bob Bolton moved to Rockford Country Club, Illinois, where he was listed as a club maker living at 324 West State
Street. When he left in 1903 he recommended Fred McLeod as his replacement. That year Bob Bolton was appointed head pro at St Joseph Country
Club of Missouri. In 1905 he played in the Western Open at Cincinnati Golf Club where he met up with Fred McLeod who finished in fifth place.
Bob's mother died in 1907 and he returned to Scotland. In March the following year Bob travelled back to America accompanied by his brother
John and his school friend Leslie Brownlee, a pro in Arkansas. In 1909, Bob was joined in St Joseph by his father, three sisters and three
brothers, all looking forward to a new start without their mother.
In 1912, Bob was appointed the first manager and golf instructor at the newly opened Highland Golf and Country Club of St Joseph. During the
winter he started indoor golf in the clubhouse which was popular with the members and each year he played in the Trans-Mississippi Golf
Association pro tournament. Bob Bolton moved to Lawrence Country Club in 1921 and then to the United States Army facility at Fort
Leavenworth in 1926, both in Kansas. At Leavenworth he was listed as golf instructor at the Officers Club, and lived with his wife Sadie in
Park Avenue where they remained until his retirement. Their neighbours in Leavenworth Penitentiary included the notorious gangster Machine
JAMES BRASH (1909-2000) Prestonfield Golf
James Ledgerwood Brash, born 10th October 1909 at 2 Church Street,
Coldstream, son of Henry Brash, stonemason, and his wife Abigail Ledgerwood. In 1895, his father Henry Brash was living in Melbourne Place,
North Berwick and on 14th April 1896 he was granted a license as a caddie on the West Links. Henry moved to Coldstream before returning to North
Berwick with his wife and family. On leaving school James Brash apprenticed as a club-maker with Ben Sayers & Son and in 1939 he married
Sheila Bisset, daughter of Andrew Bissett who continued the club-making business of James H. Hutchison on the West Links at North Berwick.
Brash was a member of Bass Rock Golf Club and Rhodes Golf Club in North Berwick where he won his first medal competition in 1927. The highlight
of his amateur career was winning the Esmond Trophy in 1929. He played in the 1937 Open Championship at Carnoustie and was appointed golf
professional at Prestonfield Golf Club, Edinburgh. James applied for a work permit in the USA but was refused following the 'Great Depression'
and remained at Prestonfield for the rest of his career.
Arnaud Edgar, grandson of Arnaud Massy was assistant to James Brash at Prestonfield for four years before being appointed assistant to Maynard
Goldsmith (listed below) pro at Royal Cape Golf Club, South Africa. James Brash and his family lived at 61, Durham Road, Portobello, and he
died 24th December 2000 aged 91 years.
ALAN BRODIE (1896-1978) Jefferson Lakeside
Country Club, Virginia, USA
Alan McGregor Brodie born 2nd April 1896 at Elco
House, Forth Street, North Berwick, son of Peter Brodie, post master and his second wife Euphemia Souter. Alan's father, was famous for being
the North Berwick telegraph officer who received the urgent telegram that Young Tom Morris's wife was seriously ill in St Andrews while he
was playing a challenge match at North Berwick in 1875. Allan's father was also Provost of the Royal Burgh of North Berwick for twenty-four
years and founder member of Tantallon Golf Club.
Alan caddied on the West Links from the age of ten and is listed in the misdemeanors book for refusing to carry when called by the Caddie
Master. He was banned from the course from 13th-19th June 1911. At the age of 14, Brodie started a five year apprenticeship as a clubmaker with
Ben Sayers & Son, and following WW1, Alan was granted a professional license on the West Links.
Wilfred Thomson from North Berwick was pro at Hermitage Country Club in Richmond, Virginia USA and when the neighbouring Jefferson Lakeside
Country Club were looking for a pro he recommended Alan Brodie. The committee sent off a telegram and in typical Scottish frugality, Brodie
wired back 'Interested in proposal - Send particulars'.
He sailed for America on the steamer S.S. Algeria, and arrived in New York on 19th December 1921. Brodie was accompanied on the journey by Jimmy
Livingstone who was taking up the position of golf pro at Greenville, South Carolina. Alan was appointed greenkeeper and pro at Lakeside where he
remained for forty years. He married Eugenia 'Jean' Archer from Lenoir, North Carolina and they rented rooms at 819 West Franklin Street, Richmond.
Jennings Culley reporter on the Richmond Times-Dispatch wrote, "Alan Brodie was a charmer, an entertaining guy who could spin a yarn better than
a stand-up comic and could brighten a tough day with a humorous anecdote. He was your typical club pro from the old school - not a flashy player,
but a fine teacher, club repairman, greenkeeper and goodwill ambassador."
Brodie was never a super player. He was twice wounded while serving with the Royal Scots in WW1 and was left with a limp after being struck by
a mortar fragment just 36 hours before Armistice Day.
In 1935 Alan Brodie and his wife returned to Scotland for a holiday. They were joined on the trip by David Cairns and his family. David was a
native of Dunbar and head pro at Brookwood Country Club, Chicago.
In July each year, the Richmond Women's Golf Association organise the Alan McGregor Brodie Couples Tournament, played at Jefferson Lakeside Country
Club and for 17 years after he retired, Brodie would attend the awards ceremony.
Alan died Mayday 1978 at the age of 82 years at 4901 Chamberlayne Avenue, Richmond the last survivor of the popular Scottish triumvirate in Richmond
professional golf. While he was at Lakeside native Scots Tommy Galloway (Glasgow) and Bobby Cruickshank (Granton-On-Spey) were at Hermitage Country
Club and Country Club of Virginia respectively. In the early 1930s Brodie once led the State Open on the final day before a thunderstorm struck. In
driving rain, he four putted the 17th and three putted the 18th to finish third behind Cruickshank. Alan became an American citizen at the District Court Richmond on
15th April 1932.
Alan's uncle Jim Souter was the pro at Tuxedo Golf Club, New York. Alan and Jean visited North Berwick in late 1934 for the final time before
returning to America in February. For many years after Alan's death his wife Jean would preside over the awards ceremony for the Alan McGregor Brodie
LESLIE BROWNLEE (1885-1970) Fort Smith
Country Club, Arkansas, USA
Leslie George Alexander Brownlee born 9th May
1885, at 4 Brighton Place, Stirling, son of George Brownlee, a bank accountant and his wife Margaret Glass. George was born in North Berwick
in 1857 and Margaret was the daughter of James Glass, a well known North Berwick fisherman and caddie. Leslie's father moved to America and
his parents divorced. From 1890, he was living with his mother and grandmother at 38 (now 46) High Street, while his mother had the stationers
shop at 44 High Street. In 1908, Margaret Glass married Donald M Jackson, a famous amateur golfer from North Berwick and they lived in Edinburgh.
Leslie Brownlee was granted a licensed as a caddie on the West Links on 20th July 1896 and he worked for the Civil Service in Edinburgh prior to
joining the professional ranks in the USA. He emigrated in March 1905 and joined Jamie Campbell from North Berwick, the pro at Mount Airy Golf Club,
Philadelphia. In 1906 Brownlee was employed by the Kelley Trust Company owned by Harry E. Kelley who appointed Brownlee pro at Fort Smith CC, one of only
two golf clubs in Arkansas. Brownlee was also associated with Lakeview Country Club, Belle Isle Lake, Oklahoma City. In 1908 he laid out the
nine-hole-course at Muskogee C.C, Oklahoma with sand greens and recommended Bill Nichols from North Berwick as their first pro. In 1909, Brownlee
recommended Arthur Kendall from North Berwick as the next pro at Fort Smith. As teenagers, Leslie, Arthur and Jim Campbell lived next to each other
in the High Street, North Berwick.
In 1910, Leslie Brownlee gave up his career in golf and became a medical student in Oklahoma City. He qualified as an Oculist specialising
in treating diseases of the eye and he moved to Birmingham, Alabama where he practiced at 926 Woodward Buildings. He lived with his wife
Ruth and son Leslie at 1017 Elm Street, Birmingham. Brownlee retired to Miami, Florida where he died 17th July 1970, aged 85
MICHAEL BURKE (1905-1932) L'Ile Rousse,
Michael 'Sonny' Burke, born 28th January 1905 in Edinburgh son of John Burke,
proprietor of the Imperial Hotel, North Berwick and his wife Annie Wynn. Sonny Burke was one of Ben Sayers first apprentices when the
company move to the club makers workshop beside the first tee on the West Links in 1917. Burke was appointed assistant pro to Philip Wynne
from North Berwick at Chingford in 1923. He then moved to France where he was assistant to Norman Grant at Golf d'Aix-les-Bains a spa town
in the French Alps. Sonny worked in Monte Carlo and then at L'Ile Rousse on Corsica where the Aga Khan had laid out a new course. Burke
died of teric fever on Corsica in 1932, aged 27 years. His cousin Jim Wynn from North Berwick was also a golf pro in South Africa.
CUTHBERT BUTCHART (1876-1955) Baltimore C.C,
Cuthbert Strachan Butchart born 19th May 1876, Kinloch Street,
Carnoustie, son of John Butchart and his wife Jessie Nicoll. His father was listed as a 'House Wright Journeyman' which was a carpenter and
by 1890 his occupation was listed as a golf club maker. At the age of 14 years Cuthbert was employed as a caddie at Barry.
In 1902, Cuthbert Butchart moved to North Berwick and was employed as a clubmaker with Ben Sayers & Son at 14 Quality Street. Sayers played
in several exhbition matches at Royal County Down G.C. where Butchart was previously engaged. In 1903 Butchart was granted a license as a pro
on the West Links, North Berwick and was living in Melbourne Place. Two years later he moved to Highgate G.C, in London, and then to Berlin
Following a period of internment during WW1, Butchart returned to London and in December 1920 he emigrated with his wife Rosa to America and
was appointed head pro at Baltimore C.C, Westchester NY. During this period he increased his club-making output and supplied many top pros
including the clubs used by Water Hagen when he won the 1922 British Open. Cuthbert Butchard died in New York in 1955.
BENJAMIN N CAMPBELL (1865-1908) Bridge Of Weir,
Benjamin Nice Campbell, born 3rd May 1865, High Street, Musselburgh, son
of John Campbell, caddie and clubmaker and his wife Christina Nice. Ben and his brother Willie were caddies on the links at Musselburgh while
living with their parents in Simpson Close, Millhill. The family moved to North Berwick in July 1876 when their sister Christina was enrolled
at the North Berwick Public School. They lived in Park Place, North Berwick which today is Nos. 17-25 Old Abbey Road. Adjacent was a park at
Redcroft which Sir Walter Hamilton-Dalrymple had provided for playing football.
Ben and Willie Campbell (b.1862) were granted a license as golf pros at North Berwick and they entered the Open Championship from the town in
1885. Ben Campbell played in the Open Championship for over a decade from 1883 and his highest finish was third at Musselburgh in 1886. In 1889,
Willie was the first greenkeeper and professional to be appointed to Ranfurly Castle GC (1889-94) and that year Ben was appointed pro at the
adjacent Bridge Of Weir GC (now defunct) from 1889-92.
Willie Campbell emigrated to America in 1894 and was appointed greenkeeper and professional at the Country Club of Brookline. In 1895 Willie
moved to Myopia CC and George Douglas (below) from North Berwick was appointed to the Country Club of Brookline in March 1896. Willie Campbell
is the best known of the clubmakers who made a new life across the Atlantic. His wife Georgina became the first lady golf professional in America.
Ben Campbell continued to work at Musselburgh and North Berwick and was among a group of pro's who were invited to play at the opening of the new
Luffness course in October 1894, and the extended course at North Berwick in June 1895. Ben Campbell died at 9, Kerrs Wynd, Inveresk,
Musselburgh in 1908, aged 43 years. At that time his father Jack Campbell was working as a caddie at North Berwick and in 1912 he died in Inveresk
DOROTHY CAMPBELL Factfile
JAMES G CAMPBELL (1877-1925)
Country Club Of Mobile, Alabama, USA
James George Campbell
born 23rd May 1877 in Oxford Street, Edinburgh, son of James Campbell, Life Insurance Agent and his wife Margaret Shaw. Jamie moved to 41 High
Street, North Berwick in 1893 and was a licensed caddie on the West Links (No.118) before being granted his professional ticket on 19th July 1895.
Campbell emigrated to the USA in 1896 and was appointed golf instructor at Baltimore G.C in Maryland. He moved to a number of clubs
including Torresdale G.C. (PA) where he laid out the nine-hole course, and then to Belmont Golf Association which became Aronimink G.C, in
Philadelphia (PA) 1898-99. He struck up a friendship with John Harrison from Musselburgh who was pro at Ridgefield, Connecticut and in 1899,
they were both appointed to Dayton Golf Club, Ohio. Campbell returned to Aronimink for a short period in 1900 before joining Harrison at Delaware
Field Club, (Wilmington DE) as the club's first pros and greenkeepers. In 1901, Campbell remained at Wilmington Country Club while Jack Harrison
went to Colonia Country Club in New Jersey and in 1903 Campbell moved to Mount Airy, Philadelphia (PA) 1903-07.
In 1905 Campbell was joined by Leslie Brownlee from North Berwick as his assistant at Mount Airy. In 1906, Brownlee was appointed pro at Fort
Smith C.C. in Arkansas. Mount Airy closed in 1907 and many of the members transferred to Whitemarsh Valley C.C (Lafayette Hill, PA) and in 1908
Campbell joined them as their pro. Jamie Campbell won the Philadelphia Open in 1905 and 1907 and was runner-up in 1908. He set a new course record at
Overbrook in 1907 with a 72, and broke the record at Whitemarsh with a 71 in 1910. Campbell played in four US Opens between 1902 and
His wife Mary Jane Wynne was born in Edgemont PA, and they had a son James 'George' Campbell in 1899. In 1912, Jamie Campbell moved to a new
course being constructed at Mt. Tom Country Club, Holyoke, Massachusetts by designer Donald Ross. Jamie struck up a friendship with Donald
Ross, a fellow Scot from Dornoch who was chairman of the green committee at Mt Tom for several years.
In 1916, Jamie Campbell wintered at Fruitland Park Golf Club in Florida and in the spring of that year he moved to the Country Club of Mobile,
Spring Hill, Alabama. When he arrived there was only a caddy shack and a dressing room, but within two years a new clubhouse was constructed
and the membership increased. Jamie was golf instructor with the club for nine years before tragedy struck on 29th December 1925 when Jamie and
his wife Mary Jane perished in a fire which destroyed the Mobile clubhouse.
It was reported in the Mobile Daily Register that the fire broke out shortly after 3am and moved so quickly through the building the
Campbell's were trapped in their apartment on the third floor. Their bodies were discovered wrapped in each others arms and they were buried
together in Pine Crest Cemetery on 4th January 1926.
It was reported that Jamie Campbell had $85,000 worth of Alabama bonds held in his name at the First National Bank of Mobile which were never
claimed and reverted to the state treasury. The clubhouse was rebuilt and two years later Campbell's friend Donald Ross redesigned the
course at Mobile.
H.BUDD CLARKE Sioux City Boat Club, Iowa,
Herbert 'Budd' Clarke, born in 1896 in Cromer, Norfolk, moved to North
Berwick with his parents when his father was appointed manager of the Marine Hotel. At the age of fourteen, Bud Clarke showed he had a talent
for golf when he won the Scratch prize during the Elcho Medal competition in 1910. Played over the West Links he scored 100 +6=106
and also won the Ben Sayers prize for the best front nine. He was a friend of Tommy Armour and his brother Alex. Budd Clarke joined the Glen
Golf Club at North Berwick and represented the Burgh club in the Amateur Championship at Sandwich in 1914. Following WW1 he joined Tantallon
Golf Club and played in the Amateur Championship in 1920 (Muirfield), 1921 (Hoylake) and 1922 (Prestwick).
In 1922 Clarke won all five club scratch medals at Tantallon which remains a record. That year he won the Midlands Amateur Tournament, was
short listed for the Walker Cup team and won the Haldane Cup over the links at Gullane. A highlight of his time at Tantallon was being a
member of the winning Wemyss County Cup team in 1921 and 1922.
Ben Sayers Snr. arranged for him to visit his son George Sayers at Merion Cricket Club, (PA). In May 1923 Budd Clarke sailed for America
and according to his emigration papers he intended to stay for five months but remained in the USA for over ten years.
He joined the professional ranks and was appointed to Rumson Country Club, (NJ). In 1924 he was at San Francisco Golf Club, the following
year he moved to Shenecossett Golf Club, Groton (CT), then to Minikahda Country Club, (MN) and in 1928 he was at Sioux City Boat Club, (IO).
In 1930, Budd Clarke and fellow pro Alex Olson leased the property of the Morningside Country Club in Sioux City. This was a new venture
in club management and the stockholders were the members.
RICHARD & WILLIE COLLINS Tyneside Golf Club, Ryton,
Richard Collins, born 1852 in Edinburgh, son of John Collins, gardener and
his wife Marion Mackay. Richard started his own golf club and ball making business in 1871 working from his house at 136 Duke Street, opposite
Leith Links. In 1873 he married Helen Leanart and their first child Richard Collins Jnr. was born in Coatfield Lane, off Constitution Street, Leith
in 1874. Throughout the 1870s Richard Collins & Son was listed at 148 Duke Street, where the family lived and the children attended Duncan Place
Primary School with headmaster Donald McCurrich.
As Leith Links became overcrowded, the golfers migrated to Musselburgh and then further down the coast to North Berwick, followed by the club and
ball makers. In 1887 Richard Collins moved to 42 Westgate, North Berwick (now 47, Westgate) and was employed as a greenkeeper. In October that year
he enrolled his children Richard (b.1874); John (b.1875); William (b.1878); Catherine (b.1879) and Robert (b.1882) at the North Berwick Public School.
Willie Collins was in the same class as Harry Reddie, David Stephenson, and Robert M. Thomson who all emigrated to America and were involved in the
At that time Leith Golf Club met in a house at 26 Duke Street, Leith; Thistle Golf Club leased the property at 8 Vanburgh Place, Ben Sayers, a ball maker
lived at 7 Bath Street, Leith, James Kay (4 Burns Street) and Davie Grant (8 Burns Street). Sayers moved to North Berwick in 1883 and Grant followed
in 1888. The golfers would congregate in Straiton's Tavern in Kirkgate, opposite Laurie Street, Leith.
In 1889, Richard Collins entered the Open Championship at Musselburgh from his base in Melbourne Mews, North Berwick. In 1890 he followed Willie
Thomson as pro at Tyneside Golf Club. Richard Collins was a founder member of the PGA in 1902. He laid out the new course at Western Falls of Ryton
in 1903 and remained with the Tyneside Club until 1912. James Collins was assistant to Richard Collins Snr at Tyneside in 1904. James joined the PGA
in 1902 and had a couple of seasons at Varese Golf Club in Northern Italy in 1909.
Richard's second son Willie Collins emigrated to America in 1897 and set up a club and ball importing business at Richmond Country Club on Staten
Island, New York. He stocked items made at the Ryton factory run by Richard Collins Jnr. Willie was also pro at Oakland Golf Club at Bayside on
Long Island, and Knickerbocker Country Club, Tenafly, New Jersey (1915-26). Willie played in the 1902 US Open at Garden City, New York.
Richard Collins Jnr. was appointed pro at Saltburn-On-Sea (1899-1904), Cleveland Golf Club (1904-08), Ashton-On-Ribble (1910-11); Longcliffe
(1911-12). Richard Jnr.'s brother Robert T. Collins joined Willie in America in 1905.
MILLICENT J COUPER J.P.(1902-1971) Scottish Ladies Amateur
Millicent Jeannette Couper born 24th June 1902 in Edinburgh, son of John C.
Couper, Writer to the Signet, and his wife Elsie Blyth. Millicent represented Scotland in the Home Internationals seven times between 1929-1956
and won the Scottish Ladies Amateur Championship at Turnberry in 1933. She lived at Kaimend overlooking the Children's Course and her father Sir
John C. Couper was secretary of the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers at Muirfield. Millicent Couper was elected the first Lady Provost of
the Royal Burgh of North Berwick in 1965 and she died 10th July 1971.
STANLEY CURRIE High Point Golf Club, USA
Stanley Currie born Norman Charles Earnest Currie, 28th August 1894, Leith, Edinburgh,
son of William Currie, porter, and his wife Sarah Jane Stephens. His father was head porter at the Marine Hotel, North Berwick and the family moved
to the town in 1896, living at 36 Forth Street. Shortly after they arrived in North Berwick his father was employed at the Aerated Water works in
Forth Street Lane, owned by Provost John MacIntyre. The family moved to 1 Viewforth where Violet Currie was born in 1898. At the age of ten years,
Norman Currie was granted a caddie license on the West Links and later he received his professional badge.
Norman Currie emigrated to America, sailing from Glasgow on RMS Transylvania he arrived in New York on 19th April 1927. He altered his name to Stanley
Currie on his arrival in America when he was appointed professional at High Point Country Club, North Carolina. In 1928 he joined the staff at the
downtown indoor golf course, and in 1930 he was appointed caddie-master at Fox Chapel Golf Club, Allegheny, Pensylvania. In 1940 he was living with
his wife Elizabeth at 502 North Ave. W, Pittsburgh and had a golf equipment and instruction business at 719 Liberty Avenue Pittsburgh.
JOSEPH DALGLEISH (1860-1941) Nairn Golf
Club, Scotland. UK
Joseph Dalgleish born 1860 in Aberlady, son of John Dalgleish,
farm worker and his wife Margaret Ness. Joe's father died when he was an infant and his mother listed as a pauper in 1860, raised four children.
In 1878, Joe Dalgleish joined the army, rising to the rank of sergeant in the 61st Brigade, Royal Scots Fusiliers. In 1882 he was posted to
Zululand in South Africa and then transferred to the East Indies in 1885. He left the army and returned to Scotland in 1890 and was appointed
clubmaker and professional at Nairn Golf Club. In 1900 he played in the Open Championship at St Andrews.
His son William Dalgleish (1891-1976), also a clubmaker emigrated to America in 1911. The following year Joe and his youngest son James
Clarke Dalgleish (1895-1970) sailed for America and were appointed to the Country Club of Troy in New York. Joe moved to Westfield Golf Club,
later named Echo Lake Golf Club in Crawford, New Jersey (1921-23). William was appointed to Tacoma Golf and Country Club in Washington State,
then in 1926 to Alderwood Country Club in Portland and two years later to Butte Country Club, Montana. Joe Dalgleish returned to Scotland
and was living at 20 Darnell Road, Trinity Edinburgh. Recently two scared head woods made by Joe Dalgleish were auctioned at Sotherby's.
ALEXANDER DENHOLM (1886-1950)
Royal Queensland Golf Club, Brisbane, AUS
born 17 March 1886 at 17 Melbourne Square, North Berwick, son of Archibald Denholm, carpenter and his wife Jane Bathgate. Alex apprenticed
as a carpenter and joined Bass Rock Golf Club at the age of 16 years. In 1902, he enlisted in the 8th Royal Scots and served seven-and-a-half
years with the Territorial Force. In 1911, Alex Denholm sailed from Glasgow to Quebec to take up the position of assistant golf professional
to George Livingstone (listed below) from North Berwick. At the outbreak of WW1 Alex enlisted in the Canadian Scottish at Winnipeg and served
four years in France.
In 1913, he was selected to represent the British-Canadian Rifle Team in the competition at Bisley in England. At the start of WW1
the men of the 79th Cameron Highlanders joined with other units at Valcartier Camp, Quebec to form the Canadian Over-Seas Expeditionary
Force and Alex signed up on 7th September 1914.
He had the honour of being chosen as sergeant in charge of the bodyguard to His Majesty the King and Lord Kitchener when they
reviewed the Canadian troops on Salisbury Plain.
During the Great War he served as a machine gunner and infantryman, and was in the first
contingent of the Canadian Scottish regiment to leave Canada for France. He was promoted from the rank of sergeant to major, was mentioned in
dispatches twice by Sir Douglas Haig, and awarded the D.C.M. Following the end of WW1, he worked in government service in Canada. In 1922, Alex
and his wife Prudence Bee returned to Great Britain sailing from St John's in Newfoundland to Liverpool.
After spending time with their families they continued their journey to Australia on the SS Socrates, arriving in Sydney 1st September 1922. He
found work in the well known sports equipment shop of McMillan Deery Co. Ltd at 252 George Street, Sydney. Duncan and Charlie McMillan were
Scottish emigrants who persuaded the City Council to layout what was to become Moore Park Municipal Golf Links. Duncan McMillan established
Moore Park Golf Club and appointed Alex Denholm as the teaching pro. In September 1923, Alex moved to Queensland where he was appointed pro to
Townsville G.C (1923-25), the oldest club in Queensland and the fourth oldest in Australia. Alex lived with his wife in Norris Street, Hermit
Alex described as short, thickset with broad shoulders, and looked like a golfer, moved to Stanthorpe Golf Club, south of Brisbane in 1925,
and the following year he was appointed the first greenkeeper and professional at Indooroopilly Golf Club in St Lucia, a suburb of Brisbane. At
the opening of the Indooroopilly course in July 1926, the Premier of Queensland William McCormack drove the first ball. This was followed by a fourball
match between the professionals, Mike Stafford (Brisbane) and Alex Denholm (Indooroopilly) against Dick Carr (Sandgate) and Arthur Spencer (Royal
Queensland). At the presentation of prizes, Mr McCormack was gifted a driver made by Alex Denholm.
Harry Sinclair, the Australian Amateur Champion in 1924 and 1925 was a member of Moore Park in the south of Sydney. He played most of his golf
at the Australian Golf Club and was a friend of Alex and Duncan Denholm. In 1926, Sinclair entered the Amateur Championship at Muirfield in
Scotland and the Denholm brothers organised for Harry Sinclair to play several practice rounds with Ben Sayers at North Berwick.
In 1928 Alex won the Queensland Professional Golfers Championship. He led the qualifying at Yeerongpilly GC and reached the matchplay final against
Charles Brown (Goodna GC). Brown led by three after the first 18-holes but Denholm recovered in the second round and won 2 and 1.
When Denholm left Indooroopilly in December 1928, Alex was presented with a silver tea and coffee service on the steps outside the clubhouse as the
professional was not allowed to enter the members area. In turn Alex presented the club with a 50 year old golf club and ball which was kept as
a memento of Denholm's time at St Lucia.
In January 1929 Alex was appointed head pro at Royal Queensland Golf Club, after 25 candidates applied for the position. He lived with his wife
in Taringa, a suburb of Brisbane in a house they called 'Tantallon' on Swan Road. Reginald Want was Alex's first assistant at Royal Queensland
followed by Ossie Walker (1929-35).
In 1929, Denholm was elected secretary of the Queensland Professional Golfers Association and in 1933 he was elected President. He continued on
the Queensland PGA committee until the 1940s when he was conferred a Life Member of the PGA of Australia.
Alex won the 72 hole qualifying tournament to represent Queensland in the Spalding Australian Overseas Professional Championship in 1931.
Played in Melbourne, Denholm finished third equal. The winner was given an all expenses trip to the British Open by A. C. Spalding Ltd.
In 1933 he won the Dunlop Cup, Associates Trophy, and the Yeerongpilly Armistice Cup after a four-way tie. In 1934 he won the Royal Queensland
Professional purse with rounds of 73 and 72 and his new assistant Ken Jones was runner-up. That year he also won the Indooroopilly purse and
tied for second place in the Queensland Open Championship and won the scratch pize at the AIF cup scoring 68 to equal the course record.
In 1935, Alex (right) won two big handicap events, the Armistice Cup and the Yeerongpilly Cup. He also had the biggest share of money purses contested at
the Queensland Open Championship Meeting, including the first prize of £20 in the Veteran competition.
Denholm's name can be seen on the Royal Queensland Autumn Cup (1934) and the AIF Cup (1935) this was a competition for ex-soldiers. The trophy
took the form of a silver reproduction of an 18-pounder German shell which had been captured from the Turks by Australian soldiers.
An article in the Sydney Morning Herald in 1933 entitled 'The Golfing Denholm Brothers', described how Alex Denholm was competing in the
Queensland Professional Open on the banks of the Brisbane river, while in the background, Alex's brother George D. Denholm, the purser on
the liner Jervis Bay, had just arrived from London, and swept up stream past the golfers. The Jervis Bay was owned by the shipping company
Aberdeen and Commonwealth Liners which berthed at Hamilton Cold Stores Wharf on the Brisbane River. The following day Alex boarded the Jervis
Bay and sailed with George to Sydney where they met up with their younger brother Duncan Denholm pro at Mosman Golf Club. The other brothers
Jock and Bob Denholm remained in North Berwick and in 1928 Jock was a semi-finalist in the Irish Open and Bob represented Scotland in the
Norman Von Nadi, a young caddie at Royal Queensland Golf Club under the supervision of Alex Denholm, became the first Australia born golf
professional to win on the British PGA Tour. He won seven events in 1947 which remains a record. Von Nadi was the first Australian to lead
the PGA money list and the first to win the Vardon Trophy.
In April 1930 Denholm played in an exhibition match against Walter Hagen and Joe Kirkwood at Royal Queensland. A large gallery followed the
match which Denholm and J.Quarton were defeated 2 and 1. In 1939, Denholm played an exhibition match at Royal Queensland against the famous
American woman athlete Babe Didrikson Zaharias. She was later reinstated as an amateur and won the Ladies British Amateur Open Championship
at Gullane in 1947. Alex retired that year and one of his finest golfing moments came during the Melbourne Centenary Trophy in 1934, when he
finished all square against the American Harry Cooper.
Alex Denholm was one of only a handful of pro's in Australia to have a range of golf clubs stamped with their own name. Recently a set of clubs
form the 1930s branded with Alex's name were sold at auction for $750 . The irons had hand forged heads and steel shafts, while the woods had
hickory shafts. They were branded with A.G. Spalding Bros. and Alex Denholm.
In July 1942, Denholm was pictured in the Courier-Mall (Brisbane) newspaper, working a drilling lathe in a munitions factory during WW2. When
Alex retired in 1947, Len King secretary at Royal Queensland during the period Alex was pro, organised a fund raising committee for a
memorial to Alex's twenty years with the club. Several of the Brisbane club's held an Open Golf Day with all proceeds going to the fund,
including Royal Queensland, Tattersall's Golfing Society at Nudgee and Indooroopilly. Alex lived at 66 Albert Street, Margate a district of
Brisbane where he was listed as a carpenter in 1950. Alex Denholm died in Mater Private Hospital in Brisbane on 30th December 1953 aged 67
DUNCAN DENHOLM (1892-1968) Australian Golf
Club, Sydney, AUS
Archibald Duncan Denholm born 29th March 1892 in North Berwick
was the brother of Alex mentioned above. Duncan was also a scratch medallist of the Bass Rock Golf Club and represented the club in the Amateur
Championship in 1920. Duncan emigrating to Australia in 1924 and was appointed assistant pro to Fred Popplewell at the Australian Golf Club in
Sydney. (Fred Popplewell won the Australian Open Championship in 1925 and 1928). In 1925, Duncan was the first pro to be appointed to Balgowlah
Golf Club. In 1930 he moved to Mosman Golf Club, situated on Middle Head on the northern shores of Sydney Harbour where he lived with his wife
Mabel Hilda Denholm, daughter Jean Elizabeth Denholm and son John Archibald Denholm at 10 Macpherson Street, Cremorne until 1954.
Duncan qualified for the Australian PGA Cup in 1931, played at the New South Wales Golf Club in La Perouse, a suburb of Sydney. At the professional
tournament to celebrate the opening of the Sydney Harbour Bridge in 1932 he played with Peter Merrilees (below) from North Berwick. Peter was two
years older and they both attended the Public School in School Road.
Mosman or 'Swaggerdom' as the Sydney Labor Daily dubbed the members of Mosman Golf Club, which reflected the 'snobbery' attached to golf in Australia
at the time. Like most clubs in Australia, women were associate members, had no voting rights and were not allowed to play on Wednesday and Saturday
afternoons or public holidays, a restriction on women golfers that remained until the passage of equal opportunity legislation in 1984. The course at
Mosman was commandeered by the military during WW2 and was not reinstated. Alex and Duncan Denholm are listed among the earliest golf professionals
Hugh Hamilton, a greenkeeper on the West Links took over from Tom
Morris as custodian of the links at St Andrews in 1903. It was Hamilton who created many of the bunkers at St Andrews and lengthened the
course in reaction to the Haskell ball, he also extended the Jubilee course in 1905.
THOMAS DICKSON Crestwood Golf and Country
Club, Kansas City, USA
Thomas Pringle Dickson born 25th February 1891 at 9 Lorne
Square, North Berwick, son of James Dickson, grocer and his wife Elizabeth Pringle. Tom's father had the grocery shop at 20 Forth Street and
built 'Seafield' at 10 Forth Street as the family residence in 1897. His intials can be seen carved into the masonry of the property which
remains in the ownership of the Dickson family.
Tom Dickson 6' 2" tall, apprenticed as a clubmaker and joined the Rhodes G.C in 1907. He emigrated to America in December 1920 and listed
his contact as George B Martin, 906 Broadway NY. The following spring Tom took up the position of assistant to Jim Lindsay from Gullane (below)
at Oak Park Country Club, Chicago. In 1922, Tom was joined by his older brother Alex Dickson at Oak Park. Alex moved to St Joseph Country Club
in Missouri in 1924.
In 1924, Tom Dickson was appointed head pro at Crestwood Golf and Country Club, Kansas City (1924-26). During the winter months Tom joined
another six pros at the Western Indoor Centre in Kansas City giving lessons on the six-hole layout. The pros often competed against each other
to see who could give the most lessons in a day.
In 1927, Tom Dickson was pro at the nine-hole course at Oak Hill Country Club, Joplin, Missouri, and later that year he was appointed Manager
and Pro at the Schifferdecker Municipal Golf Course, in Joplin. In 1928, he was appointed golf instructor at Muskogee Town and Country Club,
Oklahoma where Bill Nichols (below) originally from North Berwick was a member and President of the Oklahoma State Golf Association.
Tom and his wife Matilda Turnbull, daughter of Tom Turnbull pro at Helensburgh GC, and their son Fraser returned to North Berwick and was
proprietor of the Milsey House Private Hotel, 3 Tantallon Terrace. In 1935 Tom Dickson was clubmaster at the Glen Golf Club and he died 12th
May 1957 in North Berwick.
JAMES DISHINGTON The Creek Club, Long
James, Robert and Andrew Dishington born in Aberlady all
worked within the golfing industry. Their father James Dishington was greenkeeper at Gullane, their mother was Mary Jane Turnbull Dishington
and the family lived at Muirfield Farm, Gullane. Robert and Andrew were members of Dirleton Castle Golf Club before Robert was appointed
professional at Cathkin Braes Golf Club in Strathclyde, and Andrew was head greenkeeper at Winterfield and then Dunbar Golf Club until 1954.
James 'Jock' Dishington (1892-1968) emigrated to America, sailing from Glasgow on the S.S. Columbia he arrived in New York on 6th January 1920.
Jock was appointed to The Creek Club on the north shore of Long Island, New York State. Their brothers John Dishington, a railway guard and
William Dishington, a chaffeur also emigrated to America but it is not known wheather they joined the professional ranks.
THOMAS DOBSON (1903-1968) Scottish Amateur Champion
Thomas Peter Dobson born 26th December 1903, in Gullane, son of James Dobson, golf
green officer and his wife Mary Hall. The family lived in West End Cottages in the area of the present Gullane clubhouse and pro shop. His
father was the golf course starter from many years. Tom apprenticed as a greenkeeper at Muirfield for the Honorable Company of Edinburgh Golfers
and was later appointed foreman greenkeeper. Tom Dobson was a member of Dirleton Castle Golf Club and playing off scratch he won the Wotherspoon
Medal in 1922, Patron's Medal 1923 and 1924 and the following year he won the Singapore Cup. Dobson and his partner Hugh Watt representing
Dirleton Castle won the Scottish Foursome championship. Dobson also won the prestigious Hope Challenge Medal in 1924 and 1925, which carried
with it the championship of East Lothian.
In 1925, Tom was the first artisan winner of the Scottish Amateur Championship played that year over Muirfield. At the age of twenty-two,
Tom defeated John Cavan in the semi-finals and Willis Mackenzie, an Edinburgh stockbroker in the final 4 and 3, both were Walker Cup players.
This caused a furious debate among the blue blooded fraternity as to whether a greenkeeper was deemed a professional.
Dobson had a fine touch, particularly his iron play, the half and three-quarter mid-iron shots up to the hole. The ball was kept low with the
smallest suspicion of a pull on it. When the red-haired youth, attired in trousers and old coat, holed his putt on the sixteenth green to give
him victory and the championship, the crowd of 3000 to 4000 went into a frenzy of excitement, and raised him shoulder high.
In 1926 Tom Dobson joined the professional ranks and was appointed to East Renfrewshire Golf Club, near Newton Mearns, Glasgow, where the
members have named the 1st hole 'Dobson’s View' in memory of their first head greenkeeper and professional who remained with the club
until 1956. Tom Dobson played in the Open Championship in 1935 and represented his country in the Home Internationals in 1932, 33, 34,
35, 36, 37; v Ireland 1932, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38; v Wales 1937-38. Tom Dobson died 1st September 1968 at Raeside Avenue, Newton Mearns
aged 65 years.
JEAN DONALD (Anderson) (1921-1984) Curtis
Cup Team 1948-50-52
Jean Macalister Donald and her twin Anne were born 2 May
1921 at St Helen's, North Berwick, daughter of Dr. Douglas A. Donald M.C. and his wife Marion Forbes. They lived above their father's medical
practice at 1 West End Place. Jean joined the North Berwick Ladies Club in 1936 and was given a handicap of 21. The following year she won the
Grahame Cup and in 1938 the Girls Prize with a 79. In 1947 Jean won the Spring Meeting and the Grahame Cup and by 1951 her handicap was plus 1.
She won the Scottish Ladies Championship in 1947 (Ellie); 1949 (Troon); 1952 (Gullane); runner up in 1953 and a semi finalist in 1951. The French
Ladies Open Championship in 1947 and the Sunningdale Open Foursomes four times, twice with partner Peter Alliss in 1958 and 1961.
Jean Donald controversially appeared wearing trousers in the
Scottish Amateur Championship in 1948.
During WW2 Jean Donald was based at Winthorpe RAF station and played her golf at the neigbouring Newark Golf Club. She represented Scotland in
the Home Internationals from 1947-53 and was a finalist in the 1948 British Ladies Amateur Championship. She was selected for the Great Britain
and Ireland team to play the USA in the Curtis Cup in 1948-50-52 and her experience played a crucial part in the GB&I victory at Muirfield in 1952.
Jean was elected captain of Gullane Ladies Golf Club in 1951 and captain of North Berwick Ladies Club in December 1953. She decided to turn
professional after new rules governing amateurs was introduced in January 1954. She was employed by Dunlop as an amateur and this conflicted
with the new rules. Slazenger Ltd. sponsored her visit to Australia in 1954 when she played an exhibition match at Barwon Heads in Victoria.
The professional at Barwon Heads was William 'Bud' Russell (listed below) from Gullane. Jean married John Anderson and they lived at Kilbruach,
Nisbet Road, Gullane. She played with Slazenger clubs throughout her professional career and her signature sets sold well. Jean died in Gullane
Golf Club on the morning of 2 May 1984, aged 63 years. Her medals and trophies are displayed in Gullane Ladies Golf Club.
GEORGE DOUGLAS (1871-1903) Country Club Of Brookline,
George Douglas, born 18th March 1871 at 4, Viewforth, North Berwick, son of James
Douglas, general labourer and his wife Catherine Merrilees. In 1885 the family lived at 32, Harbour Terrace and in May 1891 George was
granted a professional license on the West Links, North Berwick. In July that year he was appointed greenkeeper and pro at Panmure Golf
Club playing over the Monifieth course from where he entered the Open at St Andrews. In 1892 George was appointed the first pro at the newly
opened Pollok Golf Club in Glasgow and in September he entered the Open Championship list at Muirfield and received 10/- in prize money.
George had a troubled background, his parents were alcoholics and his mother Catherine Douglas appeared in front of the Burgh Court on numerous
occasions charged with Breach of the Peace and being Drunk and Incapable, which carried a sentence of 3 days in jail. According to the Burgh Court
records in December 1891 the Chief Magistrate Peter Brodie found her guilty of theft and sentenced her to 7 days in jail. George's cousin Peter
Merrilees (listed below) from North Berwick was golf pro at Manly Golf Club, Sydney in Australia.
George Douglas was the regular caddie for John H. Outhwaite in his big matches. In 1893 Douglas enlisted in the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and
trained at Barry Buddon army camp in Angus. Outhwaite was also at Barry camp serving with the Black Watch and George caddied for him when
the twenty year old won the Regimental Cup at Carnoustie in 1893.
Outhwaite, originally from Earlsferry won the tournament at the opening of the extended course at North Berwick in 1895, with George Douglas
on his bag. George played in the professional tournament the following day representing Hessle Tennis and Golf Club in East Yorkshire. A photo of
Douglas and Outhwaite can be seen in the Golf Book of East Lothian. George served almost two years with the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders before
he was discharged on payment of £18.
George Douglas was 5' 6 inches tall, blue eyes, brown hair and weighed 145 lbs. According to his army record, his distinguishing marks were the bust
of a woman tatooed on his right-forearm with the letters M.K. Several of his teeth were defective, he had a scare above his left ankle and another
on his right-forearm.
After spending the winter of 1895 working in France, George Douglas sailed to America from Liverpool on S.S Gallia, and arrived in Boston on
18th April 1896. He was appointed head pro on the nine-hole course at the prestigious Country Club of Brookline, after Willie Campbell's contract
was not renewed in November 1895. George knew Willie Campbell from his days playing in the Musselburgh Professional tournament and working
the links at North Berwick. In July 1896, George Douglas representing the Country Club, played in the US Open at Shinnecock Hills, and finished fourth.
He scored rounds of 79 and 79 for a total of 158 and received $25 prize money.
In September 1896 George Douglas won the professional tournament at Knollwood Country Club, Westchester County NY. The report in the New York Times
stated there were fourteen Scottish pros and one negro taking part, he was John Shippen from Shinnecock Hills Golf Club. The others included Willie
Dunn, and Tom Warrender from North Berwick who was pro at Knollwood. George Douglas representing the Country Club of Brookline covered the 36 holes
in 154 strokes and lifted the first prize of $150. The other scores were Willie Campbell, (Myopia Hunt) 155; Horace Rawlins, (Utica) 159;
Bertie Way (Meadowbrook) 160; Willie Dunn (Ardsley) 161; Willie Davis (Newport) 162; Willie Tucker (St Andrews) 164; Tom Gourley (Baltusrol)
167; Sam Tucker (St Andrews) 168; John Shippen (Shinnecock) 169; Alfred Ricketts (Albany) 170; Willie Norton (Lakewood green keeper) 174; Willie Kirk
(Bar Harbour) 177; John Young (Staten Island) 171; Tom Warrender (Knollwood) 190.
Passenger List, S.S. Gallia, 18th April 1896 - George Douglas, Boston USA
In 1897, George returned to Scotland and was working as a golf pro on the West Links, North Berwick. On 1st August 1897 he enlisted in the
11th Battalion Kings Own Scottish Borderers at the army recruitment office in Edinburgh, and was stationed in Berwick-Upon-Tweed. Private
George Douglas (No.6200) fought in South Africa before being posted to the 2nd Battalion KOSB at the British Infantry Barracks in Dinapore,
Bengal, India where he died in 1903. His military record states. 'George Douglas died at Dinapore of gunshot wounds self inflicted while
temporarily insane - 25th August 1903'. He was taken to the Station Hospital where he was pronounced dead by Billet Adjutant G.B.Stoney.
George Douglas died at the age of 32 years and is listed among the first forty golf professionals in the United States and is recognised
today as a true pioneer, and one of the earliest names of golf and clubmaking in America.
1926 British Girls Open Champion
Diana Esmond was the daughter of
Edward Esmond, a wealthy financier and race horse trainer. He owned the property at Marly Knowe in Windygates Road, North Berwick where his
family resided during August and September. Edward Esmond also owned property in Paris at 54 Avenue d'Lena near Alma-Marceau and for a month each autumn
he engaged George Duncan the pro at Wentworth to travel to Paris and coach his daughters to play golf. In September 1926, Diana Esmond won
the British Girls Open Championship at the age of 16 years. Played at Stoke Poges she defeated Dorothy Pearson 6 & 5 in the final.
In 1928, Diana was a finalist in the French Ladies Amateur Championship, but was defeated by Thion de la Chaume, wife of the famous tennis player
Rene Lacoste. Diana regularly played in the Mixed Foursome Championship at Worplesdon Golf Club partnering Cyril Trolley. Her father won the event
in 1925 partnering Cecil Leitch. Edward Esmond had a handicap of two, and in 1914 he played in the French Amateur Championship along with Marino
and Andre Vagliano. Esmond was a member of Golf du Paris Country Club, Saint-Cloud, Paris.
Diana was also a jockey and she raced a number of horses from the Esmond stable to victory at venues such as Laversine and Deauville.
Diana was runner-up in the French Ladies Open in 1930 at Golf de Saint Germains, Paris and represented France in several international
matches. Her older sister Sybil Esmond was also a fine golfer. In 1928 their father presented the Esmond Trophy to the winner of the French
Under-21 Girls International Championship.
Diana Esmond on the right with her opponent Margaret Ramsden.
North Berwick was so popular among his friends that Edward Esmond had to commandeer the Bradbury Hotel to accommodate everyone. They often
entertained the Vagliano family who presented a trophy in 1947 to the winners of the Ladies Great Britain and Ireland team against Europe.
The Vagliano Trophy continues to be contested biennially.
Diana and Sybil were members of North Berwick Ladies Golf Club and in 1926 their father presented the Bass Rock Golf Club with a trophy for
competition among the artisan golfers in East Lothian. The Esmond Trophy takes the form of a silver model of Edinburgh Castle and is
recognised as one of the finest trophies among golf clubs in Great Britain, and ranks along with the Silver Frigate of the Thorpeness Club
and the Antlers' trophy of Royal Mid-Surrey. The Esmond Trophy continues to be played for over the West Links in July each year.
DAVIE FERGUSON (1884-1963)
Greenville, South Carolina, USA
David Learmonth Ferguson, a
stonemason by trade was born 7th January 1884 in North Berwick. He lived with his family at 8, Clifford Road and at aged 30 years he
emigrated to the USA. Ferguson sailed from Glasgow on the steamer S.S. California arriving in New York on 18th May, 1914. He shared the
voyage with James Gullane listed below. On his arrival, Davie lived with his brother James Ferguson, a pro golfer at Spring Lake G.C in
New Jersey until he found employment. In 1920, David Ferguson was appointed golf instructor at Sans Souci Country Club, Greenville in
South Carolina. The following year he returned to North Berwick to escort his wife Annie and their two children to their new home in the USA.
The Sans Souci C.C operated at its original location northwest of the City of Greenville off Old Buncombe Road from 1905 to 1923. On 4th
July 1923 it opened at its new and current location on Byrd Avenue. On 7th July 1927 the club changed its name to Greenville Country Club.
During WW2, with the membership in declined, the club released Davie to work for T. G. Gillespie Trading Co. in their munitions factory in
South Cranbury, Middlesex, New Jersey. Following the conflict Davie returned to Greenville Country Club where he remained until his retirement.
His friend Jimmy Livingstone said 'Ferguson was so revered and loved in Greenville he was known as Mr. Golf'. David Ferguson died in 1963
and is buried in Greenville Cemetery, South Carolina.
JIMMY FERGUSON Spring Lake
Golf and Country Club, New Jersey, USA
James Cunningham Ferguson (brother of
David above) born 13th July 1881, Quality Street, North Berwick son of John Ferguson, farm labourer and his wife Jane White. Ferguson was
appointed pro and greenkeeper at Prestwick St Nicholas Golf Club (1894-95) before returning to North Berwick in 1907. He was the first pro
at Sandy Lodge GC (1910-11) and then to Hallamshire GC (1911-13) in Sheffield. That year Ferguson won the Sheffield Open Professional
Jimmy Ferguson emigrated to America in 1913 and was appointed pro at Spring Lake Golf and Country Club in New Jersey. Shortly after his
arrival Ferguson played in an exhibition match at Trenton, against the best ball of George Bowly of Spring Lake and R.C. Maxwell of Trenton
Golf Club, and Ferguson won 3 & 2.
Within a few months he had set a new course record and hosted a 72-hole Open Professional tournament which Fred McLeod, a former school friend
attended. This was the first time they had been together for over ten years. McLeod won the tournament from a strong field which included
Tom McNamara, Jim Barnes and a young Walter Hagen. Alex Smith shot 71, to beat Ferguson's course record by one stroke.
In 1914, Ferguson entered the Metropolitan Golf Association tournament along with North Berwick boys George Sayers, and Jack Hobens, (winner
of the event in 1908). During the winter months (1915-22) Ferguson sailed to the West Indies and was golf pro at Nassau Country Club in the
Bahamas. He lived in Hotel Colonial in Nassau and returned to New Jersey each spring. In 1915 his wife Nellie (Helen) joined him permanently.
Ferguson played in the 1916 US Open and qualified for the matchplay section of the first US PGA Championship. Jim Ferguson lived with his wife
at Spring Lake Heights, Monmouth, NJ and remained at Spring Lake C.C for the remainder of his career. His parents John and Jean Ferguson lived
at 3, Forth Street, North Berwick.
MARJORY FERGUSON (1937-2003) Curtis Cup Team-1966
Marjory Anne Sergeant Ferguson (m/s Fowler) born 15th May 1937 in North Berwick,
daughter of John C. Fowler former Provost of the Royal Burgh (1968-71). Marjory came to prominence when she was the first winner of the inaugural
Scottish Junior Women's Open Stroke Play at Erskine in 1955, which she won again in 1957 at Kilmacolm.
She represented Scotland in the Home Internationals for over 26 years between 1959 and 1985. She made her debut for Great Britain & Ireland
in the Vagliano Trophy against the Continent of Europe in 1965, and was also selected to play in the European Ladies Amateur Team Championship
in 1965, 67 and 71. Marjory was defeated by Belle Robertson MBE in the final of the Scottish Women's Amateur Championship in 1966 at Machrihanish
and again in 1971 at Royal Dornoch. Marjory won many other titles including the Portuguese Women's Open Amateur Championship.
The highlight of an outstanding career came in 1966 when she was selected for the Great Britain & Ireland team for the Curtis Cup match
against the United States at Hot Springs, Virginia. Marjory was a member of Gullane Ladies Golf Club and honorary member of North Berwick
Ladies Golf Club. She was East Lothian and East of Scotland champion several times and helped East Lothian to win the Scottish County
Championship on many occasions. Marjory married Alistair Ferguson in 1968 and they lived at Clova, Westgate, North Berwick. In 1977 she
started the East of Scotland Girls' Golf Association and was chairman of the Scottish Ladies Golfing Association in 2000. Marjory Ferguson
died suddenly at North Berwick in 2003, aged 66 years.
EDWARD, FRED AND VAL FITZJOHN Mohawk Golf Club, NY.
Herbert (b.1870), Frederick (b.1871), Edward (b.1874) and Valentine Fitzjohn (b.1878)
were born in Edinburgh sons of George Fitzjohn, a Police Sergeant in Edinburgh and his wife Grace Willonghby. In 1880 the family moved to Musselburgh
where their father George Fitzjohn was appointed clubmaster and steward to the Honorable Company of Edinburgh Golfers. In 1891 the family moved with
the Honorable Company to their new location at Muirfield in East Lothian. Ed and Herbert worked as clubmakers probably with James H. Hutchison clubmaker
to the Honorable Company in his workshop situated beside the first tee on the West Links at North Berwick. During this period 12 year old Valentine
Fitzjohn was a licensed caddie at North Berwick.
Ed and his older brother Fred Fitzjohn played in the 1892 Open Championship at Muirfield. Ed worked as a clerk and entered as an amateur, while Fred
carded a disastrous 105 in the first round. The following year Ed joined the professional ranks and was invited to take part in the tournament to
celebrate the opening of Luffness New Golf Club in 1894.
Their father died in 1895 and their mother Grace Fitzjohn continued as stewardess at Muirfield. In 1896 Herbert was appointed to Stratford-On-Avon
Golf Club. Fred emigrated to America in 1896 working in Pennsylvania. Valentine remained at home and was a member of Dirleton Castle Golf Club when he won
the Wotherspoon Medal in 1897. Later that year Val and Ed sailed for America and were appointed to Ardsley Golf Club, NY. In September 1897 Val Fitzjohn
defeated John Shippen, the first black American golfer in a 36 hole match at Ardsley. In December 1897 a tournament was organised at Lakewood Golf
Club with prizes worth $150, and featured the largest gathering of North Berwick caddies on American soil, including Harry Gullane, Robert M. Thomson,
Willie Anderson, Jamie Campbell, Willie Collins, James Litster, John Forman and Tom Harley from Aberlady. The tournament was played on New Years Day
1898 when the 'negro' John Shippen also took part and Val Fitzjohn defeated his brother Ed at the first extra hole to lift the first prize of $75.
In the winter of 1898 the Fitzjohn brothers traveled south and were the first pros to be appointed to Bon Air Golf Club, Augusta, GA (later
Augusta Country Club). In 1899 the brothers moved to Springfield, New York and worked as Club and Ball Makers at Otsego Country Club, part of
the prestigious Otsego Hotel in Coopertown NY. In 1899, Val Fitzjohn (Otsego) finished third in the US Open at Baltimore, won by Willie Smith.
In 1901 they signed up to the famous Mohawk Golf Club in Schenectady NY. Fred branched out on his own in Montgomery County NY, before moving
to Detroit, where he worked freelance as an instructor and clubmaker from his home at 146, Harrison Street. Ed was pro at Albany Country Club,
Voorheesville, NY where he also designed golf clubs and had several patents to his credit which remain popular among collectors today.
PATRICK FLYNN (1907-1973) Elgin Golf Club, Morayshire
Patrick Flynn born 13th May 1907, 1 Harmony Place, North Berwick, son of Patrick Flynn,
a fishmonger's carter and his wife Elizabeth Quinnen. Patrick apprenticed as a plumber and was a scratch medalist of the Bass Rock and Rhodes Golf
Clubs at North Berwick. In 1927 he won the prestigious Hope Challenge Medal over the Kilspindie course and in 1929 he won the Haldane Cup over
the Glen Course and the Challenge Medal over the West Links. In 1931 and 1932 he won the Haldane Cup over the Gullane links. In 1932 he was a member
of the four-man team which won the Wemyss County Cup representing the Rhodes Golf Club. That year he entered the Scottish Amateur Championship at
In 1934 he was appointed assistant pro to Ben Sayers Jnr. at North Berwick and that year he entered the Scottish Professional Championship at Nairn
scoring rounds of 79,79,78,74, for an aggregate of 310.
Patrick married Margaret Ramage from Bannockburn and in April 1935 he was appointed pro at Elgin Golf Club and the couple lived at 62 South College
Street, Elgin. Following WW2, Patrick Flynn returned to his trade as a plumber. He died at Whins of Milton, Stirling on 9th January 1973 aged 65 years.
JOHN FORREST Lindrick
Golf Club, South Yorkshire.
John Forrest, born 21st April 1854 in North
Berwick, son of John Forrest, coach hirer and his wife Christina Thomson. Johnny lived with his parents, two brothers and a sister at
1 Forrest Court, situated on the corner of Church Road and Beach Road. The stable courtyard can be seen today behind the double gates.
His brother William Forrest was a founder member of Bass Rock Golf Club in 1873 and winner of the summer and autumn medals that year.
Johnny also joined in 1873 and won the summer medal in 1876. He dominated golf in North Berwick from 1885, playing off a handicap
of plus-four he won the Bass Rock summer medal six consecutive years. In 1890 he held the record for the lowest scratch score of 72 in
a Bass Rock G.C competition, and also the lowest at Tantallon G.C with a 74. In 1891 he entered the Amateur Championship at St Andrews
and the following year he won the Hope Challenge Medal over Kilspindie Links.
In November 1893 Johnny Forrest was appointed golf professional at the Sheffield and District G.C, later to be named Lindrick G.C in
South Yorkshire. The Lindrick club history suggests that in December 1892 the Club professional holed-in-one at the 130 yard 7th "using
Sir W. Dalrymple's hammer headed club and a Slazenger ball".
This was in fact a club designed by Sir Walter Hamilton-Dalrymple and made by James H. Hutchison in his workshop at North Berwick.
The patent was approved in May 1893 but the hammer-head design was not popular enough to go into full production. Johnny Forrest ,
as the leading player in the town would have been involved with Hutchison in testing the club and suggesting modifications. Taking
the clubs to Shireoaks during an early visit would have impressed the members and the hole-in-one probably sealed Forrest's
appointment." In 1894-95 Forrest was also connected with the Shireoaks Golf Club which no longer exists.
Johnny Forrest played in the 1895 Open Championship at St Andrews and completed four rounds. He also played in the Open at Hoylake in 1897.
Forrest was pro at the club for 20 years and was appointed Caddie-Master in 1913, a position he retained until 1920 when he retired at the
age of 66 years. He lived with his wife Helen Lymburn and daughter Ethel at 53 Gladstone Street, Worksop and each year he sent a club for a prize
at the Bass Rock G.C Summer Meeting, a tradition the clubmakers who left North Berwick continued for many years. John Forrest died at Worksop
in 1925 and his family are buried in the North Berwick Churchyard in Kirkports where an obelisk lists their names.
JACK FORRESTER (1894-1964)
Baltusrol, New Jersey, USA
John McIntyre Forrester, born 19th
February 1894 in 85, Port Street, Glasgow, son of James Forrester, a merchant seaman and his wife Jane McIntyre. In 1900, his father was leading boatman
in the Coastguard Service living in Cairnryan House, Inch, Wigtown and a year later he was transferred to Stornaway where the children attended
the Nicholson Institute. In May 1905 he moved to North Berwick and the family lived in the Coastguard Cottages in Melbourne Road. In 1905, John
and his younger brother William were licensed caddies on the West Links. John attended North Berwick Public School before joining the GPO as a
postman. He was a member of the Rhodes Golf Club in North Berwick and at the age of 17 he won the Haldane Cup and Maxwell Shield in 1911, and
set a new amateur record of 71 for the Glen Course in 1913.
John Forrester moved with his parents to 18 Balfour Street and two weeks after War was declared he enlisted in the 3rd Battalion Argyll and
Sutherland Highlanders at a recruitment meeting in North Berwick on 29th August 1914. No.2978 Sergeant John Forrester was transferred to the
2/6 Gurkas Riffles and fought in France and Flanders for almost a year before being posted to Salonica in Macedonia for three years. He
contracted malaria in 1916 and spent time in hospital.
(Left to Right) Mike Brady, Tommy Armour, Willie Macfarlane, Leo Degel, Joe
Kirkwood, Joe Turnesa, Johnny Farrell,
Jack Forrester, MacDonald Smith, Gene Sarazen.
Forrester sailed to America from Glasgow on the S.S. Columbia and arrived in New York on
8th March 1920. His contact was Carl H. Anderson manager of the golf equipment store Thomas E. Wilson & Co, in the Emporia building at 25
West, 45th Street, New York, (later known as the 'Wilson Company'). Anderson was born in 1889 at Brockton, Mass. and was club champion of
the Brockton Country Club at the age of fifteen. He was schoolboy champion of greater Boston in 1908 and turned pro in 1909. It is not known
if Forrester was employed at Wilson's store but during the winter he joined Carl H. Anderson in Florida and they played in the Palm Beach Golf
Club professional tournament. Forrester returned north in the spring and was appointed pro at Meadow Brook Golf Club, in New Jersey in 1921.
Later he moved to Hollywood NJ (1923-25); then to Baltusrol NJ (1926-28); Oradell NJ (1929); and Hackensack NJ (1930-34). He qualified for
the US Open from 1921-1935 with his best finish being fourth place in 1923.
He played in the US PGA Championship in 1921 (defeated by Walter Hagen in the first round), also 1923 and 1924. Sandy-haired Jack Forrester
was the most successful pro in New Jersey from 1926 until 1936. He won the Mid-South Open at Pinehurst in 1928 and the New Jersey State
Pro/AM on several occasions.
In 1923, David Campbell was appointed assistant to Jack Forrester at Hollywood Golf Club (NJ). Davie was the brother of Alex 'Nipper' Campbell
(Brookline) a member of the famous golfing family from Troon in Ayrshire. Davie was assistant pro at Gleneagles before joining Jack Forrester
at Deal. That year Davie won the New Jersey Open and Jack Forrester finished third. Davie was 26 years old when he met his brother Alex for
the first time in America.
During the winter months from 1923-1931 Jack Forrester joined an increasing band of professionals who played tournaments in California,
Texas, Arkansas and Florida, before returning north in the spring. This new breed of professionals where known in the press as the
troubadours - who wandered first class, some in Lincolns, Cadillacs and Packards, from post to post, making their temporary abodes during
the winter wherever a tournament was in progress.
The trail led to California where two big events - the California and Long Beach open championships were held, through Texas and Arkansas
where the Dallas, Texarkana and South Central open championships were staged, then to Florida for the Miami, Central Florida, West Coast,
Florida, South Florida open championships, before breaking the journey north with their final tournament at Pinehurst for the North and
South open. The prize money available over the winter amounted to $28,000.
Forrester was described in the sports pages of the New York Times as a dyed-in-the-woods Scot who retained his 'burr' despite a long
residence in the USA. Although he was not born in North Berwick, Jack listed the town as the place he came from at every opportunity. He
lived with his wife Anne and their two sons at 341 Grove Street, Bergen, NJ. Jack Forrester was elected President of the New Jersey PGA
(1933-35) and died in August 1964 at Barnstable, Massachusetts.
Willie Thomson from Forth Street, North Berwick was a founder
JOHN J. FRASER Inverness Golf Club
John James Fraser born 15th June 1895, 10 St Stephen Street, Edinburgh, son of John Fraser, a
Groom and his wife Elizabeth Risk. John moved with his parents to North Berwick where his father was employed as a carter with the Town Council.
John J Fraser was appointed pro at North Wilts G.C (1920-23) before he moved to Inverness G.C (1923-1938) where he laid out the course with George
Smith. John remained single and lived in MacEwan Drive, Inverness where he died.
MAYNARD GOLDSMITH Royal Cape
Club, South Africa
Maynard Mills Goldsmith, born 23rd May 1908 in Cardross
Golf Club, Dumbarton, son of Harry Goldsmith, club master and his wife Francis Parker. His parents moved to North Berwick to manage the
Temperance Cafe, (now 88, High Street) and then as proprietors of Seabank Hotel in Marine Parade. On leaving North Berwick School, Maynard
apprenticed as a club maker with Ben Sayers & Son and was Scottish Amateur Champion in 1926.
For three years he was assistant to Norman Grant from North Berwick at Cannes Golf Club in France before being appointed head pro at Lucerne
Golf Club in Switzerland in 1929. He remained there for eight years and was Swiss Professional Champion in 1933, runner-up twice and also
winner of the Swiss Close championship. His pupils were both winner and runner-up in the Swiss Amateur in 1936-37.
Maynard married his first wife Ethel Millar in North Berwick in 1935 and they had a son William. In August 1937, Maynard was appointed pro at
the Royal Cape Club in South Africa after being recommended for the position by Henry Cotton and Percy Alliss. Twenty candidates applied for
the job and 'Jock' Goldsmith as he was known, worked on the former military base at Wynberg for the remainder of his career.
Goldsmith played against South African Bobby Locke on several occasions, and in 1939 they contested the final of the matchplay Sunlight
Purse, a prestigious professional tournament which Locke won. Goldsmith was playing well that year and had his best opportunity to win the
SA Open Championship but had to withdraw after badly cutting his hand on a glass door. WW2 then intervened and Jock Goldsmith served in the
Desert and Italian campaigns. During the conflict he met up with Bobby Locke in Cairo, he was flying Liberator bombers between Egypt and
Italy. After the war Locke won the British Open Championship four times.
The tradition at Ben Sayers & Son, was for the apprentices on completion of their five years training, to be offered a position as assistant
to former Sayers club makers and contacts around the world. Following a request by Maynard Goldsmith for an assistant in South Africa, Allan
McLachlan was offered the position and sailed for Cape Town.
Allan McLachlan born 9th December 1914, in Abbey Road, North Berwick, son of Alexander McLachlan, gardener at the Marine Hotel, and his wife
Mary Ann Munro. His father later worked on the Abbey Farm and served in the Royal Air Force during WW1. Allan McLachlan apprenticed as a
club maker with Ben Sayers & Son in their new workshop in Forth Street. In an interview in the South Africa Golf magazine Allan said, "That
was in the days of hickory shafts and we worked from 8am - 6pm and still found time for a round of golf in the evening. I got my handicap
down to six, then four. When I was 21 years old I was put in the professional's shop beside the first tee on the West Links, demonstrating
Sayers clubs and selling to the customers".
Allan emigrated to South Africa in 1938 to be assistant to Jock Goldsmith at Royal Cape. He also fought in Italy during WW2 and his brother
another Sayers apprentice Arthur McLachlan was killed in Burma in March 1945 while serving with the Kings Own Scottish Borderers. In 1947
Allan Mclachlan was appointed head pro at Hermanus Golf Club, 120 kilometers from Cape Town where he remained until he retired in the 1980s.
In February 1951, Goldsmith was joined by Arnaud Edgar, grandson of Arnaud Massy as his assistant. Edgar was previously assistant to James
Brash at Prestonfield Golf Club, Edinburgh. Maynard Goldsmith died in 1973 and his grandson continued the interest in golf, wining a scholarship
in America in 2011.
member of the Professional Golfers Association in 1901.
CYRIL GOODCHILD (1916-1998) Bramall Park
Golf Club, Stockport, UK
Cyril Goodchild born 8th January 1916 at 41 Old Abbey
Road, North Berwick, son of James Goodchild, a postman and his wife Lynda Parker. Cyril served a five year apprenticeship as a club maker
with Ben Sayers & Son and was a member of Rhodes Golf Club and Bass Rock Golf Club winning the Spring Medal (1934); Autumn Medal (1937) and Dickson Cup (1936).
In 1938 at the age of 22 years, Cyril was appointed assistant to Henry Cotton at Ashridge Golf Club in Hertfordshire. During WW2 he served
in the RAF and landed in Normandy, but after a few months in France he was invalided out and returned to Henry Cotton, then at Coombe Hill
and subsequently followed him to Royal Mid-Surrey.
In 1947, Cyril Goodchild branched out on his own and was appointed head pro at Bramall Park Golf Club, Stockport, Manchester where he
remained for over 39 years, until his retirement in 1986. Henry Cotton was invited to Cyril's retirement festivities but due to his failing
health, the journey from Portugal was too much for him. Cotton contacted the PGA and insisted that Cyril be given a Honorary Associate
Membership of the PGA and this was presented to Cyril at his retirement party. Cyril died in 1998 in Manchester and the Ladies section
at Bramall continue to play for the Cyril Goodchild Trophy.
Davie Grant Snr stymied on the 17th green circa 1888
DAVIE GRANT SNR. (1860-1903) Dinard Club,
David Grant born 16th July 1860 in Wilson Court, Elbe Street,
Leith, the illegitimate son of Jane Grant daughter of Daniel Grant, blacksmith. David was raised by his auntie Cecilia Grant in
Lochend Road, Leith. His mother Jane married Lawrence Hay and they lived in Earlston.
On leaving school Davie Grant was employed cleaning train engines at St Margaret's Works, Edinburgh and at the age of 18 years he
moved to North Berwick and was living at 11, Forth Street. He married Isabella Thomson from North Berwick, part of the Thomson
golfing dynasty. Her sister Catherine married Ben Sayers and their brother was Wilfred Thomson. The youngest sister Emily Thomson
married James White and their son Jack White won the 1904 Open Championship.
In 1880, Davie Grant was eking a living labouring in the winter at North Berwick and playing in professional golf tournaments
around the country. In 1885 he was a professional at Musselburgh and by 1888 was back at North Berwick teaching on the West Links.
In June that year he enrolled is youngest son David Grant Jnr at North Berwick Public School. During this period he started a golf
ball-making business and by 1890 was employing his brother-in-law Willie Thomson, making golf balls in his house in Forth Street.
Grant was a small man with fair hair and a moustache that looked white from a distance. In 1892, he was engaged by Lord Tweedale,
chairman of the North British Railway Company and former captain of North Berwick Golf Club (1890) to layout the course at Silloth
in Cumbria. Grant was assisted by Mungo Park who became the first professional at Silloth. During his playing career Davie formed
a formidable partnership with his brother-in-law Ben Sayers in fourball matches. On one occasion they defeated Andrew and Hugh
Kirkaldy in a well publicised money match. Grant played in his first Open Championship in 1878 at Prestwick. He entered the
Championship fifteen times, had six top-ten finishes and his highest place was sixth equal at St Andrews in 1888. That year he was
appointed the first professional at the Dinard Club near Ille-et-Vilaine in France. He also played for Scotland in the professional
international matches and although he preferred to describe himself as a ball maker, it was in teaching the game that his talent
Grant was a pioneer of the one hour lesson rather than the traditional method of teaching while
playing a round of golf with the pupil. The professionals could teach on the big course up to the wall but only before 10am and
Grant was able to charge 3/6d per hour while the others charged 2/-. Davie took a keen interest in ladies' golf and taught the
Orr sisters from North Berwick to play the game and it was said their swing resembled Grant's style. They lived with their parents
at 18 Dirleton Avenue and their father engaged Grant as his daughter's personal golf instructor. Their father was very immobile
without the aid of his horse and believed in physical training for his daughters and selected golf as their chosen sport. In 1897
the Ladies' Championship in it's fifth year came to Scotland for the first time and was played at Gullane. Two of the Misses Orr
sisters contested the final with a third sister reaching the quarter finals. Grant caddied for Edith C. Orr throughout the
competition which attracted criticism from the LGU, and she was the ultimate winner 4 & 3.
In 1898 Davie Grant was living in a two-roomed apartment at 33, Melbourne Place with his wife and ten children. David Jnr (b.1882),
Kate (b.1884), Arthur (b.1886), Isabella (b.1889), George (1891), Jeanie (b.1894), Norman (b.1896), Alexander (b.1897) Robert
(b.1899), Bernard (b.1900). David Grant Snr. died of tuberculosis on 24 June 1903 in Kendall Cottage, aged 43 years.
David Grant Jnr.
David 'Sonny' Grant Jnr. was a colourful character by all accounts. He was charged with assult in March 1889 and sentenced to a
fine or 2 days in jail, he paid the fine. In December 1890 he was charged with Breach of the Peace, but on that occasion the
verdict was 'Not Proven'. Sonny Grant was awarded his first-class caddie badge No.100 in February 1896 and at the age of 18 years
he was granted a professional licensed on the West Links.
Sonny Grant entered the Open Championship for the first time in 1901 at Muirfield. The following year he was based at the Maloja
G.C in Switzerland and in 1904 he spent several months at the Bad-Nauheim course in Germany. At the opening of that course he
played an exhibition match with Henry Longhurst from Ascot. In 1906 he joined his brother Arthur Grant at Biarritz (1907-1908).
Sonny Grant played in the Open Championship eight times, his last appearance was in 1912.
The PGA organised two national tournaments, the News Of The World tournament started in 1903 and the Sphere and Tatler foursomes,
first played in 1911. The players qualified for those events at regional competitions. Success in the PGA tournaments ensured the
top professionals were invited to play in exhibition matches which were a lucrative form of competition. Sonny Grant and his
partner George Duncan qualified for the first Sphere and Tatler Cups and the following year Grant partnered Sandy Herd.
Sonny married Agnes Purves in 1911 and they lived at 68, High Street, North Berwick. During WW1, Sonny Grant and his family
experienced hardship and he applied for an exemption from overseas service in 1916, but was turned down by Lothians and Peebles
Conscription Appeal Board. Sonny served in the Royal Army Medical Corps, 34th Combined Field Ambulance and he died of pneumonia on
6th July 1919 in Marseilles while returning from WW1. He was buried in the Mazargues War Cemetery, Marseilles and his death was
carried in the popular American Golfer magazine in September 1919.
Arthur, like his brothers was a caddie on the West Links before being granted a professional license on the West Links. Arthur
entered the Open Championship for the first time in 1906 when he joined his brother David in the field at Muirfield.
Arthur was appointed pro at Biarritz in 1907 and in April that year he partnered Ben Sayers in a match against Arnaud Massy and
Jean Gassiat. Played over 36 holes at Biarritz, the Frenchmen won by a single hole and within two months Massy was British Open
Champion. Arthur played in the Open Championship in 1908,1909,1910 and 1914.
Arthur Grant entered the Open Championship in 1909 from Wilton Park Golf Club founded by Colonel William Du Pre who laid out the
nine-hole course on his estate at Wilton Park east of the town of Beaconsfield. Arthur moved to Valescure GC (1909-1911) and then
to Le Touquet GC situated 38 miles south of Calais. This became a very fashionable area where Noel Coward and others were entertained
in the luxury hotels. P.G. Wodehouse was also a member of Le Touquet and lived next door to Arthur Grant and their families became
very good friends. Following WW1, Arthur was attached to Monte Carlo G.C (1922-1927). Arthur and his wife Ruth are buried in North
It was inevitable that Norman Grant, born into this golfing dynasty would follow his father as a caddie then professional at North
Berwick until the Great War disrupted his career. Three weeks after war was declared, Norman volunteered for the 11th Battalion
Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders at a recruitment meeting in North Berwick on 2nd September 1914. He was transferred to the Royal
Engineers, and rose to the rank of Lance Corporal in the Signal Corps. He was demobed on the 6th March 1919 and when his WW1
service medals were being distributed in 1922 they were sent to his new address, San Andres Golf Club, Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Norman, 5'5 inches tall, and brown hair married Agnes Purves from Portobello and they had a son David born in 1913. Norman returned
from South America and escorted his wife and son to Philadelphia where they joined his brother Robert Grant at Bala Golf Club for
six months. Norman returned to work at North Berwick and in 1927 he was appointed to Cannes Country Club as private professional
to the Aga Khan. Norman Francis Orr Grant died on 12th November 1955 at 3 Lorne Square, North Berwick.
Alexander and David 'Sonny' Grant Jnr. were killed in WW1 and their names are listed on the War Memorial in Quality Street. They
are also listed among the former pupils on the War Memorial in the North Berwick Community Centre (original High School).
Robert Finlay Grant, born 3rd April 1899, Crombie Place, North Berwick.
At the time of Robert's birth his father was living in Newton House overlooking Nairn golf course where he was employed. Nairn Golf Club was
founded by Robert Finlay, the local MP who may have inspired Davie to name his son after him. At this time Joseph Dalgleish was the greenkeeper
at Nairn, he had moved from Archerfield in 1894 and since then Nairn has been listed among the world's top courses. Ben Sayers continued the
North Berwick connection when he was invited to altered the tees and bunkers at Nairn in the 1920s.
The row of houses where Robert Grant was born in North Berwick were built by Dr. John Crombie in 1898 and known as Crombie Place. In 1901 the
Town Council re-named the property Park Place after Open Golf Champion Willie Park Jnr. whose club and ball-making workshop was at 15, Beach Road.
The row of houses was later known locally as the 'Numbers' and renamed Nos.17-25 Old Abbey Road.
Robert learned to play golf from his older brothers and he followed them in to the professional ranks. He worked in the London area before
enlisting in WW1 when he was wounded at Mons in northern France. Robert emigrated to America in 1922 and assisted his cousin George Sayers at
Merion Golf Club, PA. In 1924 he was appointed head pro on the nine-hole course at Bala Golf Club adjacent to Fairmount Park in Philadelphia.
In 1924, Bob Grant and his cousin George Sayers qualified in the regional section for the PGA Championship at Philmont Country Club, PA. Neither
travelled west for the second qualifying on the Monday before the championship began at French Springs Resort in French Lick, Indiana. Fred McLeod
and Jack Forrester qualified for the final 32 players but were defeated in the first round of the matchplay. Grant moved to New York in 1927 and
was appointed pro at the Women's National Golf and Tennis Club at Glen Head on Long Island. During the winter he was employed at the Vander-Built-In
golf course on 42nd Street, opposite Grand Central Station. This was the largest indoor golf school in the USA. It had 18 holes made of clay on a
cement base, covered with sand which was kept moist and had the same resistance as turf. The layout included a water feature and sand bunkers and
the facility was used by over 300 golfers each day.
On 18th March 1927, tragedy struck when Robert Grant fell to his death from his fifth floor room at 371 West, 56th Street in Manhattan. The report
in the New York Times suggested there were no suspicious circumstances and the police believed Grant had an attack of vertigo. He was 28 years old
and left a wife and two children.
Sandie Russell, the Starter at Gullane No.1 had the loudest voice in
the county and the locals called him ' Whisper'. His son Bud Russell emigrated to Australia as a golf pro, arriving with 25 shillings in his
pocket, he left a millionaire.
Professionals at the New Luffness Competition, Oct.11, 1894
HENRY GULLANE (1874-1907) St David's,
Harry Gullane born 19th May 1874 at 4 Market Place, North
Berwick, son of James Gullane, a fisherman, and his wife Janet Taylor. Harry and his brother Andrew Gullane were fisherman before being
granted their professional license on the West Links in April 1893. Harry's pro badge on the West Links was No.54. He was the first professional
to be appointed to Gullane Golf Club and in 1894 he represented the club in the professional tournament to celebrate the opening of Luffness New
Club when he partnered Andrew Kirkaldy. Harry played in the Open Championship at Muirfield in 1896 and his brother Andrew Gullane was appointed
pro at Glencruitten Golf Club in Oban, (1912-1938).
Harry Gullane emigrated to America, sailing from Liverpool on S.S. Rhynland he arrived in Philadelphia on 20th January 1897. Harry was
appointed professional and greenkeeper at Philadelphia Country Club where he set a new course record 77 strokes. In January 1898, Gullane
played in a pro tournament at Lakewood, New York which included seven former North Berwick pros.
In March 1898, Harry Gullane and William W. Campbell of Hoylake and the Philadelphia Country Club challenged Jack Harrison from Musselburgh
and Jamie Campbell (listed above) of the Belmont Cricket Club. They played one round at Belmont and another at Philadelphia Country Club.
Later Jack Harrison and W H 'Bert' Way from the Meadowbrook Club challenged Harry Gullane and Jamie Campbell to a match, two rounds at
Meadowbrook and two at Philadelphia for $200. These challenge matches gave the players more exposure and generated huge interest among the
rival club members.
Harry Gullane won the first professional golf tournament in the Philadelphia area, played in 1898 at the Huntingdon Valley Country Club.
There were ten entries and the club provided a free lunch for the contestants. They played the nine-hole course four times each day to make
it a 72-hole tournament. The newspaper report suggested the greens were lumpy and the club's steam roller failed to level the brick-like
surface. Harry Gullane had the winning score of 319 while Willie Anderson finished twelve strokes back in second place and Jamie Campbell
was third with Robert M Thomson completing the North Berwick quartet. The purse totalled $150 and the winner received $100.
In October 1898, Harry Gullane was among sixteen professionals playing in a tournament at Baltusrol Golf Club, Short Hills, New Jersey. The
result was a tie between Harry Gullane and Willie Anderson the pro at Baltusrol. Despite playing in torrential rain they both equalled the
course record of 81 strokes and deicided not to take part in a play-off but to divide the $130 prize money. Third was John Shippen a
Shinnecock Indian and the first African American golf professional in the United States. The following day Harry Gullane returned home to
North Berwick for the winter.
According to Peter C Trenham, historian at St David's Golf Club, Gullane returned to Philadelphia in late March 1899 with a collection of golf
clubs from the Forgan Golf Club Works in St. Andrews. He formed an association with the Marshall E. Smith & Bro. sporting goods store at
1020 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia where he fitted people for clubs and gave golf lessons for 50c. A few weeks later Gullane was the first pro to be
appointed to the nine-hole St David's Golf Club in Wayne, PA. The club had moved from Fenimore Lane and was in the process of completing
its new golf course on Lancaster Pike. He supervised the extension of that course to 18 holes which was completed in April 1899. Also that
year Gullane laid out a nine-hole course at West Chester Golf and Country Club, Pennsylvania which was opened in 1900. Gullane set a new
course record at Cape May G.C. (NJ) in 1899 and at Catasauqua G.C (PA) in 1900.
Back Row (Left to Right) Ben Campbell, Willie Auchterlonie, Andrew Kirkaldy, Davie Grant, George Sayers, Philip Wynne,
Harry Gullane, George
Shepherd. Front: (Left Seated) Tom Morris, (Right Seated) Ben Sayers
His best finish in the US Open Championship was seventh equal at Baltimore Country Club in 1899 when he partnered Jack Park from Musselburgh,
and they both received $50. The day before the championship they held a driving contest and Harry finished second with a drive of 264 yards 2
feet 9 inches. Willie Hoare had the winning drive which was 269 yards 7 feet 6 inches. Those were big drives as the gutta-percha ball was
still in use at that time. In 1900 Harry Gullane was pro at the Philadelphia Cricket Club (Chestnut Hill, PA). In April that year he
partnered Willie Thomson of the Huntingdon Valley Country Club in an exhibition match against Harry Vardon at the Philadelphia Cricket Club.
It was reported in the New York Times that Gullane outdrove Vardon by 10 to 15 yards.
In October 1900, Harry Gullane boarded the Pennsylvania Railroad for the two-day trip to Chicago, Illinois where he played in the US Open at
Wheaton. Harry was joined at the Chicago Golf Club by George Turpie, the former greenkeeper at St Andrews and his brother Henry Turpie who
Harry had not seen for over four years at North Berwick. Willie Anderson and Val Fitzjohn were also in the field. Henry Turpie finished in
8th place while Harry Gullane was out of the money in 25th spot and Willie Anderson finished 11th equal. Harry Gullane entered the championship
from Pittsburgh where he laid out the course for Pittsburgh Golf Club (PA).
In 1901, Gullane returned to North Berwick permanently and five years later he married a local girl and was back giving golf lessons on the
West Links. In 1907 they lived in a row of cottages at 5, Law Road and following a domestic argument Gullane struck his wife to the floor.
Thinking he had killed her, Harry climbed Berwick Law and in a state of remorse threw himself off the quarry, plunging 70 feet to his death.
He was 32 years old and his wife Margaret Brown survived the tragedy. His suicide was reported in the New York Times and Harry Gullane is buried
in the North Berwick Cemetery.
Access images of Harry Gullane in Philadelphia
In 1908 'The American Golfer' magazine complied a composite golf course taken from the best 18 holes in the USA. Among them were the 7th and
16th holes at St David's, laid out by Harry Gullane and the only course to have two holes featured. In 1914, when Ben Sayers visited his son
George at Merion Cricket Club, he played the neighbouring course at St. David's every day. Dorothy Campbell won several tournaments over the
course designed by Harry Gullane at St David's. Including the Ladies Invitational Tournament in 1923 and 1924 playing off the men's tee. The
nine hole course at West Chester Golf and Country Club, Pennsylvania also remains as a testimony to Harry Gullane's short life.
Harry Gullane is listed among the first forty golf professionals in the United States prior to 1898 and is recognised today as a true pioneer,
and one of the earliest names of golf and club making in America.
JAMES GULLANE (1891-1986) Colorado
James 'Jimmy' Gullane nephew of Harry Gullane (above) was born 6th
December 1891 at 22 Forth Street, North Berwick, son of James Gullane, a seaman and his wife Maggie Gullane. Jimmy served a five year
apprenticeship as a club maker with Ben Sayers & Son before emigrating to America at the age of 23 years. He sailed from Glasgow with his
friend Davie Ferguson (listed above) on the steamer S.S. California, and they arrived in New York on 18th May 1914.
Jimmy travelled to Philadelphia to take up the position of assistant pro to George Sayers (son of Ben Sayers) at Merion Golf and Cricket
Club, PA. In 1916, Gullane finished eighth in the Philadelphia Open and the following year he was appointed golf instructor at Sunnybrook
G.C, Flourtown, PA. In the final years of WW1 Jimmy served with the US Army and received his US citizenship. During this period he struck
up a friendship with the PGA champion Jim Barnes and for several seasons from 1915 they wintered together at Palma Ceia C.C, Tampa in Florida.
Gullane followed Jim Barnes to Colorado Springs and was appointed golf instructor at the nine-hole course at Broadmoor Hotel. Barnes was
appointed playing professional and allowed to compete in tournaments while Jimmy Gullane looked after the members at Broadmoor. Gullane
resided in the YMCA in Colorado Springs for the first two years and when Barnes left in 1919 Gullane was appointed head pro at Broadmoor
Golf Club and assisted in extending the course to eighteen holes (East Course), which was completed in late 1919.
He finished seventh equal in the first Open Championship of Colorado in 1924. Jimmy Gullane was a big hitter and on several occasions at
Broadmoor he drove the first green 362 yards and holed out with an eagle two. In 1925 on the seventeenth hole he drove 470 yards making
an eagle three. At that time the American record was held by E.C. Bliss with 445 yards. Jimmy entered the 1926 US Open championship from
Broadmoor and remained with the club until 1927. Jimmy Thomson, the son of Wilfred Thomson from North Berwick took over at Broadmoor Golf
Club in 1930.
Jimmy Gullane was a friend of Wilfred Thomson from their days on the West Links at North Berwick. Wilfred was pro at the Country Club Of
Virginia and Gullane played numerous matches with his son at Colorado Springs. In 1925, Jimmy Thomson was the youngest player to qualify for
the US Open at 16 years of age. In 1930, Thomson broke the course record at Broadmoor when he shot 64 on the par 70 course. Gullane held
the previous record for six years when in 1924 he scored 65. Thomson was a big hitter and drove the 18th green at Broadmoor on several
3,000 spectators swarmed over the West Links causing long delays when
US Open Champion Walter Hagen and Denny Shute played an exhibition match against Bob Denholm and W. B. Torrance.
New York Times - August 1933.
In 1920, Jimmy Gullane married Hilda Cooze in Colorado Springs. Hilda was born in
Barnsley, England and they had a son James Gullane Jnr. Jimmy played in the 1926 US Open at Scioto Country Club, Columbus, Ohio
when Bobby Jones won the title. In 1927, Gullane was persuaded to move to Hillcest Country Club by Frank Phillips, founder of Phillips
Petroleum in Oklahoma, to serve as first professional at the new course in Bartlesville. Gullane played in the qualifying rounds of
the 1933 US PGA Championship at Blue Mound Country Club, Milwaukee, Wisconsin but failed to be among the 32 qualifiers. Jimmy remained
at Hillcrest until 1954 and then managed the driving range at Sunset Country Club for several years. He was golf professional at the
nine-hole Pawhuska Country Club until he retired in 1973. James Gullane died in July 1986 at the age of 93 years and is buried in White
Rose Cemetery, Bartlesville, Oklahoma.
The Gullane family were one of the oldest families in North Berwick and could trace their ancestors in the town back to the seventeenth
century. James's father was known as Pilot Gullane, as he was qualified to assist ships to navigate the Firth of Forth. He also was a member
of the crew on the lifeboat Fergus Ferguson (1887-1902). James's sisters Maggie and Jessie converted the ground floor of the family home at
22, Forth Street into their legendary fish and chip shop.
HUGH HAMILTON Royal and Ancient Golf Club,
Hugh Hamilton, born 1870 in Norton Caves, Staffordshire, son of
Hugh Hamilton, an Estate Gardener and his wife Margaret Horsburgh. Hugh's parents were born in North Berwick and they lived in the Well
Tower off Kirk Ports. In 1880, the family moved to the High Street, Great Bookham and then to Towers Horsley Park in Surrey. Hugh Hamilton
returned to North Berwick and was working under Tom Anderson as a greenkeeper on the West Links while living at 12, Forth Street, North
Hamilton was appointed head gardener at Skibo Castle in Dornoch (1898-1899) where he laid out a nine-hole course for Andrew Carnegie the
industrialist and philanthropist. The course was opened in September 1898 by Andrew Carnegie's one year old daughter. The procession led
by the Castle piper crossed a new timber foot bridge over the River Evelix to the first tee followed by the workmen and estate servants.
Bizarrlie a golf club was placed in the infants hands and with some assistance the first ball was struck.
John Sutherland, the Club secretary at Dornoch collaborated with Hugh Hamilton on the agronomic development of the course at Dornoch. In
1900, Hamilton returned to North Berwick working under his former apprentice Bob Dickson who was by then head greenkeeper. Hamilton had
worked with Dickson for the previous six years. When Dickson left in June 1902 Hamilton was appointed head greenkeeper. In April 1903
Hamilton moved to Portmarnock Golf Club, Dublin, Ireland. In October that year Hamilton was appointed custodian of the links at St Andrews.
He took over from David Honeyman and Old Tom Morris in 1904, with a wage of £3 per week, on the condition that he did not keep a shop,
carry on the business of clubmaking or undertake work on other courses. It was Hamilton who created many of the bunkers at St Andrews and
lengthened the course in reaction to the Haskell ball, he also extended the Jubilee course to 18 holes in 1905.
Hamilton was described as 'Greenkeeper to the Royal and Ancient Golf Club' since he was paid by the Club under the historic agreement that
they maintained the town's municipal links. At Old Tom Morris's funeral, Hamilton as Links Superintendent led the procession carrying the Royal
and Ancient Golf Club silver club and balls draped in black crepe.
It was during this period that he devoted so much study to the invention of his special mixtures of artificial manures for putting greens,
which were initially a great success. Regular top dressing, worm removal and extra seeding when required. Hamilton continued to top dress
the greens with Tom Morris's mixture of sand but he also used a compost of black earth and nitrogenous and phosphate manure. Hamilton wrote
a chapter in the book 'Golf Greens and Green Keeping' entitled 'Treatment and Upkeep of Seaside Links'. The book edited by Horace G. Hutchinson
in 1906 included a series of articles written by among others James Braid and Harold Hilton. The book continues to be used by golf course
superintendents and has become a collectors item selling for over $15000 a copy. Hamilton parted company with the Royal and Ancient Golf Club
in September 1911, after being warned by the committee about his excessive drinking.
The discussion on the merits of Hamilton's treatment of the greens will continue but there can be no denying his contribution to green
keeping was immense. His continual search for improvements and his thought provoking articles. Never again would the club professional
be in charge of the golf course maintenance.
TOM HARLEY (1855- 1943) First Canadian
One of the most outstanding members of the old Luffness Golf
Club was Tom Harley who emigrated to Canada and won the first Canadian Amateur Championship in 1895. Thomas Harley was born at Limekilns,
Fife in 1855, son of George Harley, Master Mariner and his wife Margaret Dewar. Tom moved with his parents to Aberlady, where he served an
apprenticeship as a joiner and worked with Peter Brown, who was a founder member and captain of Luffness Golf Club.
Tom Harley won the Hope Challenge Medal in 1875, 1877, 1879, 1880. This was the only stroke play competition open to all golfers in East
Lothian, and Harley remains the only player to have won the Medal four times. In 1880, Tom Harley moved to Edinburgh before emigrating to
Canada to follow his trade and in 1895 entered the Canadian Amateur Championship from Kingston Golf Club, Ontario. Which curiously was
founded in 1891 by a gentleman who when a boy attended the public school at Dirleton, seven miles from Aberlady. Harley defeated Alex
Simpson (Royal Ottawa Golf Club) in the final to become the first Amateur Champion of Canada and he received the Gold Medal and Silver Cup
donated by Lord Aberdeen to the Canadian Golf Association formed the previous year.
Tom Harley went on to represent his club in a number of interprovincial matches between Quebec and Ontario. Kingston Golf Club situated in
the city of Kingston 200 km. east of Toronto on Lake Ontario, went out of existence around the time of WW2.
In 1898, Tom Harley was persuade by Henry J Hewat to move to America and become the first golf pro at North Jersey Golf Club. Hewat,
originally from Dumfries in Scotland was captain of the club and Harley resided at 192 Market Street, Paterson City in New Jersey. Harley
played in a pro tournament at Ocean County Hunt and Country Club, Lakewood, NY on New Years Day 1898. According to the New York Times the
field also included North Berwick pros, Harry Gullane, Robert Thomson, Willie Anderson, James Campbell and Harry Reddie. The Fitzjohn
brothers originally from Musselburgh but also pros at North Berwick played-off for the first prize. By 1909 Tom Harley was working as a
carpenter in Paterson and returned home permanently in the 1920s.
Following Harley's departure to Canada, a group of Luffness members broke away from the original club where Harley was a member and formed
Luffness New Golf Club in 1894. The original members moved west and leased land from Lord Wemyss where they laid out a course at Craigielaw,
and called their new club Kilspindie. Harley became a member of this club and during a vacation to Scotland in 1911, he won the Edward S.
Hope Challenge Cup. The trophy was presented to him by the club captain Rt. Hon. A. J. Balfour, former British Prime Minister (1902-05).
When Harley returned to Aberlady permanently he worked with John Cuthbert who had a carpenter and undertaker's business in Back Lane,
Aberlady. Harley was proffered Honorary Life Member of Kilspindie Golf Club in 1928. He resided with John Cuthbert at 'Maryville' in the
High Street (now Rushmoon House) where he died in 1943, aged 88 years. His achievements are recognized in the Canadian Golf Hall of Fame and
Museum in Oakville, Ontario.
ALEX HAY (1933- 2011) Woburn Golf Club,
Milton Keynes, UK
Alexander Galloway Hay, born 10 May 1933, Ramsay Place,
Portobello son of William Hay, Commercial Traveler and his wife Margaret Galloway. Alex was educated at Musselburgh Grammar School and
as a member of Royal Musselburgh Golf Club he won the Musselburgh Boys Championship at the age of 17 years. Alex began his working life
at the Stock Exchange before joining Ben Sayers & Son as an apprentice clubmaker in their factory in Forth Street, North Berwick. He
trained under clubmaker Charlie Thomson and on completion of his National Service in the RAF, Alex become an assistant professional. His
first job was with Bill Shankland, at Potters Bar Golf Club in Hertfordshire after Ben Sayers Jnr. intervened personally on Hay's behalf.
Alex qualified as a PGA professional in 1952 and worked at East Hertfordshire, Dunham Forest and Ashridge Golf Clubs. His long spell at
the later club, some 13 years in which his reputation as a coach flourished. He moved to Woburn in 1977 where he not only designed the
Marquess course but became the managing director in 1986 and played an influential role in the development of the golfing complex at Woburn.
Alex's grandfather was part of the fishing community in Musselburgh living at 29, Beach Lane. His mother came from Portobello and his
parents lived at 96 Campie Road, Musselburgh.
Alex was originally introduced to the BBC by the legendary sports commentator David Coleman and from 1978 Alex co-presented all the major
golf tournaments with Peter Alliss and their voices became synonymous with the BBC coverage of golf for over three decades. Alex also
worked for ABC and NBC in the United States. He was a PGA professional until 1994, a Ryder Cup referee, a talented artist and illustrator,
contributing many drawings to Golf Illustrated, and author of seven books. He stopped broadcasting for the BBC in 2004 and died 11 July,
2011, aged 78 years.
PETER HENDRIE Ulen Country Club, Indiana,
Peter Hendrie born 20th November 1872 in a cottage situated beside Whitekirk
Bridge, son of Peter Hendrie, agricultural labourer and his wife Elizabeth. Peter caddied for some of the great players at North Berwick as a
boy. In 1891 Peter was working as a grocer and lodging with the Montgomery family at 18 Westgate (now 97 opposite the Abbey Church). In 1897,
he was appointed pro at York Golf Club before returning to North Berwick in 1900 when he was granted a professional license on the West Links.
He married Mary Montgomery in 1898 when he listed his occupation as a club-maker and they lived at 6 Market Place, North Berwick.
In 1902 they emigrated to Canada sailing from Glasgow to Montreal, where Pete was appointed to Victoria Golf Club, Saint-Lambert, Quebec. In
1904 he finished fourth in a National Tournament for Professionals held as a side event after the more important Canadian Amateur Championship
was complete. In 1906, Pete moved to Westmount Golf Club in Montreal (now the site of Surrey Gardens) and that year he finished ninth in the
In 1911, they travelled to America where Pete was appointed to the nine-hole course at Fort Mitchell Country Club, Covington, Kentucky. The
following year he entered the US Open Championship at the Country Club of Buffalo in New York State. In 1914 they moved to Rock Island Arsenal
G.C, Illinois and remained there for six years. In 1921 they moved to Indianapolis where the city council appointed him pro at the municipal
Riverside golf course. The green fee at Riverside was 10 dollars, plus 5 dollars for a locker and the daily fee was 50 cents. The majority of
golfers in Indiana played on municipal courses and the pro's earnings from teaching and selling equipment was quite considerable. This was
causing the City Council to consider offering the concession to the highest bidder.
In 1924, Pete was the first pro to be appointed to the nine-hole course at Ulen Country Club, Lebanon, Indiana where he retired after 22 years.
He lived with his wife Mary in the Boone Township, Lebanon County, Indiana.
Maintenance work being carried out to a traditional revetted bunker face,
at the 176 yard, par 3, 10th hole on the West Links, North Berwick.
JACK HOBENS Factfile
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